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Four new species and five morphospecies of Ficophagus Davies & Bartholomaeus, 2015 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from Ficus subgenus Urostigma sect. Americana (Moraceae) in Central America

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Four new species of Ficophagus were recovered from the sycones of Ficus spp. from the Subgenus Urostigma section Americana from Central America. The species are described here as Ficophagus bullenei sp. n., F. costaricanus sp. n., F. paraensis sp. n. and F. kayai sp. n. The new species are differentiated from other species of the genus by a combination of morphological characters including body length, position of the excretory pore, spicule shape, stylet form, length of the post-uterine sac, tail shape, sequence data of the ribosomal DNA 18S, 28S D2-D3 and mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase subunit I, biogeographical range, and host wasp and Ficus species affiliations. In addition, five morphospecies are described from Ficus cahuitensis, F. citrifolia, F. dugandii, F. obtusifolia, and F. trigonata, respectively. The morphospecies are not formally named due to a lack of pertinent data/molecular sequences.

Affiliations: 1: 1Centre for Evolutionary Biology and Biodiversity, and School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia ; 2: 2Nematode Assay Section, North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 4300 Reedy Creek Road, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA ; 3: 3Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 3205 College Avenue, Davie, FL 33314-7799, USA ; 4: 4Forest Pathology Laboratory, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0035, Japan ; 5: 5Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843-03092, Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama ; 6: 6Universidad Nacional Escuela de Ciencias Agrarias, Laboratorio de Nematologia, Apto. 86-3000, Heredia, Costa Rica

*Corresponding author, e-mail:

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