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Description of Xiphinema hangzhouense sp. n. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) from the rhizosphere of Magnolia grandiflora in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China

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Xiphinema hangzhouense sp. n. is described from the rhizosphere of Magnolia grandiflora in Hangzhou, China. The new species is characterised by having a monodelphic reproductive system, slim body, total stylet = 186-192 μm long and vulva located anteriorly at 27.6-31.2% of total body length. The new species has a gonad 400-450 μm long with a simple uterus and no Z-organ. The female tail is elongated conoid with a rounded terminus. The species has four juvenile stages and no male was found. The polytomous identification codes of X. hangzhouense sp. n. are A1, B4, C2, D23, E12, F2, G2, H2, I23, J2, K2, L1. The new species is morphologically similar to X. winotoi. Phylogenetic analyses of the 28S rRNA, ITS rRNA, 18S rRNA and partial COI gene sequences of X. hangzhouense sp. n. and some closely related Xiphinema species revealed that the new taxon clustered with high statistical support with X. radicicola and X. setariae.

Affiliations: 1: 1Laboratory of Plant Nematology, Institute of Biotechnology, College of Agriculture & Biotechnology, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, P.R. China ; 2: 2California Department of Food and Agriculture, Plant Pest Diagnostic Center, 3294 Meadowview Road, Sacramento, CA 95832, USA ; 3: 3Center of Parasitology of A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii Prospect 33, Moscow 117071, Russia ; 4: 4Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Hangzhou 310058, P.R. China

*Corresponding author, e-mail:

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