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Full Access Seven new species of Trichodorus (Diphtherophorina, Trichodoridae) from Spain, an apparent centre of speciation

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Seven new species of Trichodorus (Diphtherophorina, Trichodoridae) from Spain, an apparent centre of speciation

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During a survey for Trichodoridae in cultivated and natural environments, mainly from southern Spain, 7 new Trichodorus species were found. Four of them, T. andalusicus n. sp., T. asturanus n. sp., T. silvestris n. sp. and T. parasilvestris n. sp., belong to the T. lusitanicus morpho-species group characterised in the male by the slightly ventrally curved spicules with a mid-blade constriction with bristles, and in the female by well developed, rounded triangular to quadrangular, vaginal sclerotised pieces. They were mainly differentiated based upon differences in body length, onchiostyle length, spicule shape and number of ventromedian cervical papillae in the male, and size and shape of the vaginal sclerotised pieces in the female. The presence of the T. lusitanicus morpho-species group with 8 species, apparently endemic to the Iberian Peninsula, could point to a recent speciation event. Additionally, 3 new species, T. onubensis n. sp., T. iliplaensis n. sp. and T. paragiennensis n. sp., more closely resembling the morpho-species group of T. sparsus, to which the Spanish species T. giennensis also belongs, were identified. They were differentiated based on body length, length of onchiostyle and position of the secretory-excretory pore and, in the male, by length and shape of the spicules and number of ventromedian cervical papillae and in the female by the vaginal sclerotised pieces. Molecular support to differentiate the new species using the D2-D3 expansion segments of 28S rDNA is also provided. In addition, a new population of T. variabilis from Greece was studied as well as T. lusitanicus type specimens, and a population of T. giennensis and T. lusitanicus were also sequenced.

Affiliations: 1: 3Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario, ceiA3, Alameda del Obispo s/n, Apdo. 4084, 14080 Córdoba, Spain; 2: 4Escola Superior Agrária de Coimbra, 3040-316 Coimbra, Portugal; 3: 5Universidade do Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal; 4: 6Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante, UOS-Bari, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (C.N.R.), Via Amendola 122/D, 70126 Bari, Italy

During a survey for Trichodoridae in cultivated and natural environments, mainly from southern Spain, 7 new Trichodorus species were found. Four of them, T. andalusicus n. sp., T. asturanus n. sp., T. silvestris n. sp. and T. parasilvestris n. sp., belong to the T. lusitanicus morpho-species group characterised in the male by the slightly ventrally curved spicules with a mid-blade constriction with bristles, and in the female by well developed, rounded triangular to quadrangular, vaginal sclerotised pieces. They were mainly differentiated based upon differences in body length, onchiostyle length, spicule shape and number of ventromedian cervical papillae in the male, and size and shape of the vaginal sclerotised pieces in the female. The presence of the T. lusitanicus morpho-species group with 8 species, apparently endemic to the Iberian Peninsula, could point to a recent speciation event. Additionally, 3 new species, T. onubensis n. sp., T. iliplaensis n. sp. and T. paragiennensis n. sp., more closely resembling the morpho-species group of T. sparsus, to which the Spanish species T. giennensis also belongs, were identified. They were differentiated based on body length, length of onchiostyle and position of the secretory-excretory pore and, in the male, by length and shape of the spicules and number of ventromedian cervical papillae and in the female by the vaginal sclerotised pieces. Molecular support to differentiate the new species using the D2-D3 expansion segments of 28S rDNA is also provided. In addition, a new population of T. variabilis from Greece was studied as well as T. lusitanicus type specimens, and a population of T. giennensis and T. lusitanicus were also sequenced.

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2013-01-01
2016-12-06

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