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Effects of nutrient source on the physiological mechanisms of Heterodera glycines and soybean genotypes interactions

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For more content, see Nematologica.

The effect of Heterodera glycines on H. glycines -resistant 'Bryan', susceptible-tolerant 'G88-20092', and susceptible-intolerant 'Tracy M' soybean cultivars grown in Hoagland solution (HS), HS without nitrogen (HS-N), or water treatments was studied for 25 to 26 days under greenhouse conditions (28 +/- 2 degrees C). Few of the 15 000 eggs per 800 cm3 soil infected 'Bryan' while 'G88-20092' and 'Tracy M' were severely infected, and photosynthesized and grew less in water and HS-N. Although less than the controls, photosynthetic rate in HS treatments was more than in water or HS-N. Nodulation was less in H. glycines than in the controls, and in HS than in water and HS-N treatments. However, more nitrogen was present in soil from HS than from HS-N or water treatments. Generally, cysts developed slower and had fewer eggs in HS followed by HS-N than in the water treatments. The results support the hypothesis that nematode infected plants do better under balanced nutrition than under nutrient deficient conditions. It is postulated that the slowed-down nematode development and/or diminished reproductive potential might be host-mediated.

Effets de l'origine des elements nutritifs sur les mecanismes physiologiques des interactions entre Heterodera glycines et des genotypes de soja - L'effet d'Heterodera glycines sur les cultivars resistant "Bryan", susceptible-tolerant "G88-200092" et susceptible-non tolerant "Tracy M" cultives dans la solution d'Hoagland (HS), HS sans azote (HS-N) ou dans l'eau a ete etudie pendant 25 a 26 jours sous serre (28 +/- 2 degrees C). Quelques uns seulement des 15 000 oeufs par 800 cm3 de sol ont infeste le cultivar "Bryan" tandis que "G88-20092" et "Tracy M" ont ete severement infestes avec une photosynthese et une croissance plus faible pour les traitements eau et HS-N. Bien qu'inferieur a celui des temoins, le taux de photosynthese pour le traitement HS a ete plus eleve que pour les traitements eau et HS-N. De plus, la quantite d'azote presente dans le sol a ete plus elevee pour le traitement HS que pour les traitements HS-N ou eau. Generalement, les kystes se sont developpes plus lentement avec un nombre d'oeufs plus faible dans le traitement HS que pour les traitements HS-N et eau. Les resultats confirment l'hypothese selon laquelle les plantes infestees par le nematode se comportent mieux en conditions nutritives equilibrees qu'en conditions nutritives deficientes. Il est postule que le ralentissement du developpement du nematode et/ou la reduction de son potentiel reproducteur pourrait etre sous la dependance de l'hote.


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