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Learning as a Developmental Process

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image of Netherlands Journal of Zoology
For more content, see Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie (Vol 1-17) and Animal Biology (Vol 53 and onwards).

Learning, as studied in animal learning research, is under the control of variables that are also of major importance in learning as it takes place in natural environments. Yet, animal learning seems restricted and impoverished as compared with behaviours that are studied in their natural surroundings. It is argued that classical conditioning, instrumental learning and the development of expectations are learning processes that allow an animal to adapt to an individual environment. It is through these processes that an organism develops behaviour patterns that anticipate the living conditions that apply to the individual in particular. These forms of learning constitute a necessary refinement and individualisation of species specific adjustment.

Affiliations: 1: (Comparative and Physiological Psychology, University of Nijmegen, P. O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands

10.1163/156854290X00145
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/content/journals/10.1163/156854290x00145
1989-01-01
2016-12-06

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