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Observation of dust release behavior from ceramic filter elements

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The dust-releasing behavior from a ceramic candle filter, which is a key technology of the hot gas cleaning system in advanced coal power generation processes such as pressurized fluidized bed combustion and integrated gasification combined cycle, is discussed based on the observation of the dust-releasing process using a high-speed video camera and the measurement of time change of pressure inside the filter. Time changes of dust-released area and geometrical characteristics and motion of released dust cake fragments were investigated by analyzing photo images from the video camera, compared with the time change and distribution of pressure inside the filter. In order to discuss the influence of porosity of the dust layer, a consolidated dust layer was prepared by clean air filtration at an elevated filtration velocity after the dust filtration. The dust-releasing process was found to be a multi-mode process, i.e. release occurred in a short time after the injection of cleaning air, followed by one or two intermittent releases afterwards. The amount of dust released by the first strike increased with tank pressure. The dust-releasing behavior was sensitive to the cake porosity: the mean size and perimeter of cake fragments increased with porosity and tank pressure for the consolidated dust layer. The initial radial velocity of cake fragment released just after the first strike increased with tank pressure and was almost independent of the filter location.


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