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Influence of solids concentration and size on gas-solid suspension flow in a 90° pipe bend

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The effects of solid particle size and mass loading ratio on the flow of air in a vertical to horizontal 90° pipe bend were investigated experimentally, using laser Doppler anemometry. The pipe bend had a bore of 43 mm with a curvature ratio of 1/13.95, flow Reynolds number of 3.4 x 104 and a corresponding Dean number of 9.1 x 103. Glass beads of 267 and 485 pm mean diameter were used. The mass loading ratios were 1.62 and 4.27 with the smaller particles, and 1.32 and 4.65 with the larger particles. The region of maximum solid-wall interactions was found to depend on the solid size. The presence of solids increased the turbulence intensity of the air. Further work is needed in order to fully investigate solid-air interactions.

Affiliations: 1: School of Engineering and Technology Management, Liverpool Polytechnic, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK


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