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Obstetric prognosis of the gestational thrombocytopenia

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image of Haematologia

To define clinical outcomes of marked gestational thrombocytopenia (GT) (<100,000/mm3) we identified twenty-nine infants born to 28 pregnancies at 26 women with GT among 8,364 deliveries during the years 1993-1999. Cordocentesis was performed in 7 mothers with platelet counts less than 75,000/mm3. Cord blood platelet count was checked in all cases at delivery. The most significant decrease of platelet count in pregnancy with GT was less than 50,000/mm3 in 6 pregnancies (21.4%) and between 50,000 and 100,000/mm3 in 22 pregnancies (78.6%). In pregnancies with GT,2 neonates (6.9%)had mild thrombocytopenia and 1 neonate (3.4%) moderate thrombocytopenia. Severe thrombocytopenia was not observed in any neonate born to mothers with GT.There were no cases of coagulation disturbance at delivery or in the postpartum period. Fourteen cases for which follow-up was carried out recovered platelet counts to more than 100,000/mm3 within one month postpartum. Two patients who became pregnant twice noticed recurrence of GT.In conclusion, GT is not associated with bleeding diathesis in the mother, resolves spontaneously during the postpartum period, and can recur in subsequent gestations, and the association of severe fetal/neonatal thrombocytopenia is very rare. No intervention is necessary during pregnancy or delivery, apart from a careful maternal and fetal surveillance if there is no obstetric indication.

Affiliations: 1: Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chonnam National University Medical School and Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University, Kwangju, Korea


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