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Role of endogenous glucocorticoids in the healing of gastric erosions and chronic gastric ulcers in rats

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image of Inflammopharmacology

To investigate the role of endogenous glucocorticoids in the healing of gastric lesions, we compared the healing of indomethacin- or cold-restraint-induced gastric erosions as well as aceticacid-induced ulcers in sham-operated rats, adrenalectomized rats and adrenalectomized rats with corticosterone replacement. Adrenalectomy was performed immediately after the formation of gastric erosions (4 h after indomethacin administration or 6 h after the onset of cold-restraint stress) or chronic ulcers (in 3 days after ingestion of acetic acid into the luminal side of the stomach). All ulcerogenic stimuli caused an increase in corticosterone production. Adrenalectomy created corticosterone deficiency and delayed the healing of gastric erosions and chronic ulcers. Replacing corticosterone reversed the deleterious effect of adrenalectomy on healing of gastric damage in adrenalectomized rats. These results suggest that glucocorticoids participate in natural healing processes of injured gastric mucosa. The data obtained also indicate that participation of glucocorticoid in the healing of gastric lesions is more evident under prostaglandin deficient conditions.


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