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Characterization of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase in human subcutaneous adipocytes and search for novel functions

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image of Inflammopharmacology

Numerous studies have characterized semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase activity (SSAO) in rat fat cells but this oxidase is scarcely documented in human adipose tissue. Our aim was to further characterize SSAO in human adipose tissue (activity, mRNA and protein abundance) and to investigate whether SSAO activity can interplay with glucose and lipid metabolism in human adipocytes via the hydrogen peroxide it generates. Polyclonal antibodies directed against bovine lung SSAO allowed the detection of a substantial amount of immunoreactive protein (apparent molecular mass 100 kDa) in human subcutaneous adipocytes from either mammary or abdominal fat depots. A 4-kb mRNA was detected in fat depots using a cDNA probe designed from the placenta SSAO sequence. Almost all the oxidation of benzylamine found in adipose tissue homogenates was due to fat cells and was located in the adipocyte membrane fraction. The oxidation of benzylamine and methylamine were similar and totally inhibited by semicarbazide or hydralazine but resistant to pargyline. Histamine was poorly oxidized. Benzylamine and methylamine dose-dependently stimulated glucose transport in intact adipocytes. This insulin-like effect of amines did not increase in the presence of 0.1 mM vanadate but was inhibited by semicarbazide and antioxidants. Benzylamine and methylamine also exhibited antilipolytic effects, with complete inhibition of lipolysis at 1 mM. These results show that fat cells from non-obese subjects express a membrane-bound SSAO which readily oxidizes exogenous amines, generates hydrogen peroxide and exerts short-term insulin-like actions on glucose and lipid metabolism.

Affiliations: 1: U317 INSERM, IFR 31, Bat. L3, CHU Rangueil, 31403 Toulouse, France, and Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain


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