Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ): a new compound with potent gastroprotective and ulcer healing properties

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Pioglitazone, a specific ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ), was recently implicated in the control of inflammatory processes and in the modulation of the expression of various cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), but its role in the mechanism of gastric mucosal integrity has not been studied extensively. This study was designed to determine the effect of pioglitazone on gastric mucosal lesions induced in rats by topical application of 100% ethanol and by 3.5 h of water immersion and restraint stress (WRS) with or without pretreatment with indomethacin (5 mg/kg i.p.) to inhibit cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2 enzyme activities and L-NNA (20 mg/kg i.p.) to suppress nitric oxide (NO)-synthase. In addition, the effect of pioglitazone on ulcer healing in rats with chronic acetic acid ulcers (ulcer area 28 mm2) was determined. Rats were killed 1 h and 3.5 h after ethanol administration or WRS exposure or at day 9 upon ulcer induction, and the number and area of gastric lesions were measured by planimetry, the gastric blood flow (GBF) was determined by H2-gas clearance technique and the mucosal PGE2 generation and gene expression and plasma concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β were also evaluated. Pre-treatment with pioglitazone dose-dependently attenuated gastric lesions induced by 100% ethanol and WRS; the dose reducing these lesions by 50% (ID50) being 10 mg/kg and 7 mg/kg, respectively. The protective effect of pioglitazone was accompanied by the significant rise in the GBF, an increase in PGE2 generation and the significant fall in the plasma TNF-α and IL-1β levels. Strong signals for IL-1β- and TNF-α mRNA were recorded in gastric mucosa exposed to ethanol or WRS, and these effects were significantly decreased by pioglitazone. Indomethacin which suppressed PG generation by about 90%, while augmenting WRS damage, and L-NNA, that suppressed NO-synthase activity, significantly attenuated the protective and hyperaemic activity of this PPAR-γ ligand. In the chronic study, pioglitazone significantly reduced the area of gastric ulcers on day 9 and significantly raised the GBF at the ulcer margin. The acceleration of ulcer healing by PPAR-γ ligand was accompanied by a significant increase in the expression of PECAM-1 protein, a marker of angiogenesis. We conclude that (1) pioglitazone exerts a potent gastroprotective and hyperaemic actions on the stomach involving endogenous PG and NO and attenuation of the expression and release of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1β, and (2) PPAR-γ ligand accelerates ulcer healing, possibly due to the enhancement in angiogenesis at ulcer margin.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 16 Grzegorzecka Street, 31-531 Cracow, Poland; 2: Department of Medicine I, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Ulmenweg 18, 91054 Erlangen, Germany


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Inflammopharmacology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation