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Products formed from alpha radiolysis of chloride brines

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Under alpha irradiation, alkaline chloride brines form H2 (G = 1.2), O2 and chlorate proportional to the dose. The concentrations of additionally formed ClO- and ClO-2 reach an equilibrium value which depends on the dose rate and the chloride concentration. The solutions become strongly oxidizing (Eh = 900 mV), their pH decreases. This behaviour can be simulated by means of a kinetic model.

Affiliations: 1: Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Nukleare Entsorgung Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe, Germany; 2: University of Cyprus, Department of Natural Science, P.O.Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus


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