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EPR analysis of the interacting properties and the degradation over time and irradiation of mastic resin used for painting protection

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Mastic resin used as a covering film for painting protection was analyzed by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, both as received and upon aging in sun-light. The effect of prolonged exposure to sun-light was mimicked by UV and, more so, by xenon lamp irradiation. Solid mastic presented EPR signals due to radicals trapped by PBN in solution. Data in the literature indicated the formation of acyl radicals (RCO·). These radicals preferentially dissolved in medium polarity solvents. The radical concentration in the solid mastic increased over time more than 50 times upon UV irradiation for 96 h and, even more, by xenon irradiation for 800 h. Also the PBN-trapped radicals in solution increased in concentration by irradiation. Small nitroxide radicals (TEMPO) interacted with a polar fraction of mastic dissolved in methanol, but mainly interacted with low polar mastic molecules in hydrophobic solvents. It was suggested, on the basis of both the PBN-spin trapping data and the TEMPO mobility variation in the solvents at different polarities, that terpenoid molecules partially polymerize by a radical mechanism to form low molecular weight products. A polyaromatic-radical (pyrene-TEMPO) and a biomolecule-radical (doxylcholestane) both interact weakly with mastic molecules in cyclohexane solutions. A positively charged surfactant radical (dimethylammonium-TEMPO bromide) was easily adsorbed onto the solid mastic surface suggesting that detergents are responsible for mastic degradation. In conclusion, this study provided information on the degradation mechanism of mastic resin and on its interacting ability towards external molecules and pollutants.


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