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Water structure and electron trapping in aqueous ionic solutions

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The optical absorption spectra observed by pulse radiolysis of alkaline (NaOH, KOH, RbOH), chloride (LiCl, MgCl2, CaCl2, NaCl, KCl) and perchloride (NaClO4) solutions at temperature 298 K are reported. Some measurements were performed at low temperature with aqueous ionic glasses. With increasing concentration of the above solutes a uniform blue-shift of the maximum of the solvated electron (e¯sol) absorption band is observed. Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was so used to examine the properties of water in several concentrated electrolyte solutions. It is shown that some inorganic electrolytes (e.g. NaOH, NaClO4) substantially change the water structure whereas some others (e.g. LiCl, CaCl2) influence water structure insignificantly. The correlation between the ability of excess electron trapping in electrolyte solutions and water structure deduced from NIR spectroscopy is discussed.


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