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Sonochemical reactions occurring in organic solvents: reaction kinetics and reaction site of radical trapping with 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl

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The reaction of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) with a radical intermediate was investigated in the sonolysis of several organic solvents. The rate of the DPPH consumption in the sonolysis of methanol obeyed first-order kinetics at low concentrations of DPPH, while the rate became zero-order as the concentration of DPPH further increased. The radical trapping reactions of DPPH were found to be considerably slow compared with the formation of hydrogen molecules in the sonolysis of alcohols and hydrocarbons. These results indicate that H atoms formed in the solvent sonolysis quickly react to form stable molecules such as hydrogen in the cavitation bubble and/or at the interface region. The rates of the DPPH consumption were strongly dependent on the vapor pressure and relative evaporation rate of the solvents. It was proposed that the optimum vapor pressure exists for an effective formation of radical species.

10.1163/1568567041856864
/content/journals/10.1163/1568567041856864
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/content/journals/10.1163/1568567041856864
2004-09-01
2016-12-09

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