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Kinetics of Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Decomposition of Monuron Over Anatase Titanium Dioxide Powder

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The photocatalytic degradation of Monuron (3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-1-dimethylurea) in aqueous TiO2 dispersions irradiated in the near-UV region has been investigated by using a Pyrex batch photoreactor. The Monuron and total organic carbon concentrations were determined; several reaction intermediates were also identified using HPLC. The influence on the degradation kinetics of the initial Monuron concentration, of the TiO2 concentration, and of the initial pH of dispersion was studied. A pseudo-first order kinetics of Langmuir-Hinshelwood type was found to satisfactorily describe the Monuron degradation. The mineralization of the pollutant was virtually complete in the 3-9 pH range while at pH = 1.0 and 11.0 only a partial mineralization was reached even after a long irradiation time. The quantum yield values of Monuron degradation were determined by measuring the photon flow transmitted by the dispersion and applying a macroscopic photon balance on the photoreactor. The quantum yields were found to increase by increasing the pH of the dispersion.

Affiliations: 1: Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica dei Processi e dei Materiali, Università di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy; 2: Dipartimento di Chimica Analitica, Università di Torino, Via P. Giuria 5, 10125 Torino, Italy


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