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Substituted 2-Norbornyl Carbenes

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A series of endo-6-substituted bicyclo[2.2.1 ]hept-2-yl carbenes have been generated by pyrolysis of the sodium salt of the tosylhydrazone precursors. The endo-6-trimethylsilyl and endo-6-thiomethoxy substituted carbenes give 1,3-migration of these substituents to the carbene center. However groups such as methyl, CH2SiMe3, phenyl, and methoxy are ineffective 1,3-migrating groups. The facile 1,3-migration of trimethylsilyl and thiomethoxy has been rationalized in terms of stabilized transition states where the migrating group interacts effectively with the carbene vacant orbital. In the cases of endo-6-thiomethoxy and methoxy derivatives, the carbene also inserts effectively into the methyl group of the substituent. Heteroatom stabilization of the transition state for C-H insertion facilitates these processes. Certain exo-6-substituted bicyclo[2.2.1 ]hept-2-yl carbenes have also been generated. While the exo-6-thiomethoxy and carbomethoxy systems give exclusive 1,3-hydrogen migration, the exo-6-sulfonyl derivative gives, in addition to 1,3-hydrogen migration, an alkene product derived from 1,2-hydrogen migration. The lowered propensity for 1,3-hydrogen migration is attributed to the strong electron-withdrawing sulfonyl group, which decreases the hydridic 1,3-interaction with the carbene vacant orbital.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, U.S.A.

10.1163/156856794X00207
/content/journals/10.1163/156856794x00207
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/content/journals/10.1163/156856794x00207
1994-01-01
2016-12-03

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