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Photoinduced Intramolecular Electron Transfer Reactions Within Donor-Acceptor Linked Compounds in Solution and Within Donor-Acceptor Ion-Pairs in Crystal

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Intramolecular electron transfer (ET) processes within donor-acceptor linked compounds in solution and donor-acceptor ion-pairs in crystal have been investigated by means of laser photolysis kinetic spectroscopy. An excited Ru(II)-moiety of donor-acceptor compounds undergoes intramolecular electron-transfer to either ruthenium(III) ion, rhodium(III) ion or a cobalt(III) ion, followed by back ET to regenerate the original reactant. An Arrhenius plot of the ET rate gave a straight line with an intercept (frequency factor) and a slope (activation energy) for the photoinduced ET and the back ET. Mixed-valence isomer states produced via photoinitiated ET rapidly decayed via back ET. A common and large frequency factor observed for Ru(II)-Rh(III) compounds is accounted for in terms of solvent-relaxation dynamics. For the back ET in the Ru(II)-Co(III) compounds, the frequency factors are reduced because of negative entropy change. ET within donor-acceptor ion-pair of Ru(bpy)23 and Co(CN)36 in crystal took place very rapidly compared with in water.

Affiliations: 1: Chemistry Department, College of General Education, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, Japan


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