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Model Compound Studies On the Cleavage of Glycosidic Bonds By Ozone in Aqueous Solution

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Kinetic expressions have been developed for the initial phase of the reactions between ozone and methyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, a model compound for cellulose, in aqueous solutions at moderately low pH (pH 3) and ambient temperature. Ozone is reasonably stable under these conditions. The reaction is first order in the glucoside and ozone, second order overall. Kinetic and analytical data suggest that the glucoside is directly attacked by ozone to form polyoxide intermediates. The α-glucoside was more stable and was attacked by ozone exclusively at the acetal oxygen in the initial phase of the reaction. In contrast, the βanomer was ozonized nearly twice as fast, and was attacked by ozone mainly at the C-H bond of the anomeric carbon. The latter reaction resulted in the formation of δ-gluconolactone, probably by way of a hydrotrioxide intermediate. The fragmentation of the intermediate could be assisted by properly oriented non-bonding orbitals of the two acetal oxygens. These stereoelectronic rules were previously proposed by Deslongchamp and coworkers on the ozonolysis of acetals in non-aqueous media. The activation energy for the reaction was 69.5 kJ/mole in both acetic and sulfuric acid solutions at pH 3. The presence of transition metal-ion, in particular Co(II) and Fe(II) ions, resulted in enhancement of both ozone decomposition and degradation of the glycoside, apparently caused by free radical reactions. In some cases, addition of acetic acid led to substantial suppression of the degradation of the glucoside.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Wood and Paper Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8005, USA


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