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Catalyzed Sulphite and Semichemical Pulping

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Very high yield sulphite pulps were produced by cooking black spruce wafers in pulping liquors at pH 7 or 10, containing 0.1% (on O.D. wood) of soluble anthraquinone (SAQ). These pulps had better strength properties relative to controls prepared without SAQ, breaking length and burst index being greater, on average, by 20%. Other improvements included: increased pulping rate, lower lignin contents at comparable pulp yields, and higher carbohydrate content at the same level of residual lignin in pulp (this resulted in an increase of total pulp yield by 2%). Results of cooks in liquors ranging in pH from 4 to 10, and under variable conditions of time (20-60 min) and temperature (120-160°C) suggested that: firstly, AQ does not act as a pulping catalyst at pH 4, and secondly, the sulphonate contents of AQ-catalyzed pulps are lower than those of the uncatalyzed controls. In the light of the lower sulphonate content, the higher strength is unexpected.

Affiliations: 1: Chemical Engineering Department of McGill University, McGill Pulp and Paper Research Centre, Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada, 3420 University St., Montreal, Province Quebec, H3A 2A 7


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