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Through-Space Electronic Interactions of [2.2]Metacyclophane Benzyl Cations#

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The hydrolysis of 8-bromomethyl[2.2]metacyclophanes 3 to the corresponding 8-hydroxymethyl derivatives 4 was carried out in 83% aqueous dioxane solution at 25 °C. Substituent effect through space on the rate of the hydrolysis of bromomethyl groups attached on the opposite aromatic ring was first found in this investigation. Interestingly, the introduction of the substituents at the internal position 16 tends to enhance the hydrolysis reaction rate 10-100 times. It was found also that the stabilization by both the direct through-space cation-π-interaction and the interaction through the intra-annular 8,16-position are possible in the [2.2]metacyclophane 8-benzyl cations. The good correlation with log(K/KH) and σp+ was observed for the hydrolysis of internally unsubstituted 5-bromomethyl[2.2]MCPs 7, in which the direct through-space cation-π-interactions are not possible. TiCl4 and Nafion-H, a perfluorinated resinsulfonic acid, catalysed Friedel-Crafts benzylation of benzene and substituted benzenes with 8-bromomethyl- and 8-hydroxymethyl[2.2]metacyclophanes to afford 8-benzyl[2.2]metacyclophanes is described. A high substrate and positional selectivity were observed in the present benzylation reaction quite different from those obtained from the benzyl bromide and benzyl alcohol. The benzyl cation intermediate stabilized by the through-space electronic interaction among the opposite benzene ring was first demonstrated in the benzylation of [2.2]metacyclophane systems. The mild and selective transannular reaction attributable to the highly strained character of [2.2]metacyclophane skeleton and the increased stabilization of the 5-benzyl cation intermediate arising from the electronic interactions among the opposite benzene ring through the intra-annular 8,16-positions was also observed.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, Honjo-machi, Saga-shi, Saga 840, Japan; 2: Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Tohwa University, 1-1 Chikushigaoka, Minami-ku, Fukuoka 815, Japan; 3: Institute of Advanced Material Study, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-kohen, Kasuga-shi, Fukuoka 816, Japan


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