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Novel Five-Membered Ring Intermediates in Gas Phase Reactions

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image of Research on Chemical Intermediates

This review considers the role of closed-ring intermediates in chemistry, in general, and focuses on recent experimental and theoretical works that provide compelling evidence for a five-membered ring intermediate in the gas phase. The reactions of oxygen atoms with ethyl iodide and larger alkyl iodides produce HOI and a corresponding ethylenic compound via attack of the oxygen atom at the iodine and closure of the five-membered ring between the oxygen and a hydrogen on the beta-carbon. Detailed results are gathered from infrared chemiluminescence and molecular beam scattering, as well as new kinetics and product yield experiments. The theoretical calculations fully support and characterize the novel reaction mechanism.

Affiliations: 1: JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, and University of Colorado; 2: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder Colorado 80309-0440, U.S.A; 3: The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA, Aeronomy Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303, USA


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