Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Cone contrast computations: physical versus perceived background and colour constancy

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Spatial Vision
For more content, see Multisensory Research and Seeing and Perceiving.

The light reflected from an object depends both on the object's surface and on the illuminant. Visual systems attempt to resolve this intrinsic ambiguity by comparing the light reflected from the object with respect to the background by computing the difference between the object-background light sampled by three cones. The cone-contrasts for the sample-background stimulus under the test illumination should correspond to the cone-contrasts for samples matched in appearance under the standard background (C). The validity of this cone-contrast rule (Whittle, 2003) and its possible link with stability of perceived colour was studied here using six test illuminants.

A successive asymmetric colour-matching task with 40 simulated Munsell samples (value 7, chroma 4) on a neutral background (N7) was used. The subject adjusted the sample under standard illuminant C to match the colour appearance of the test sample under one of the test illuminants. Brunswik Ratio (BR) was used as an index of stability of colour appearance.

When computed with respect to the reference illuminant C, the cone contrast rule was violated (particularly for S-cone-contrast). However, if a new reference point based on the perceived colour of the neutral background under the test illumination was used, the cone contrast rule applied. That is, when cone contrasts of the matching samples are computed with respect to this perceived background, they correspond to cone contrasts of the test stimuli. This represents a form of discounting the illuminant for the purpose of determining an object's cone-contrast against the background, which does not vary with background illumination. These cone contrasts, however, do not provide any information about the colour appearance of objects under particular viewing conditions, unless calibrated against a standard by allowing subjects to learn particular colours.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Spatial Vision — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation