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Anisotropy in the chromatic channel: A horizontal-vertical effect

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image of Spatial Vision
For more content, see Multisensory Research and Seeing and Perceiving.

—We compared the chromatic contrast thresholds of drifting (2 Hz) red-green sine-wave gratings of horizontal, vertical, and two oblique orientations at three spatial frequencies (2, 4, 8 cpd). Luminance contrast thresholds for yellow-black gratings were also obtained. The classic oblique effect was found for high spatial frequency luminance and chromatic stimuli. For chromatic thresholds, a significant difference was found between the horizontal and vertical thresholds of all observers. One observer was retested with her head tilted 45 deg and demonstrated that the anisotropy was specific to retinal coordinates. These results give evidence for orientation selectivity in the chromatic channel which is at least partially independent of that in the luminance channel. We estimated the degree of lateral chromatic aberration in our observers' eyes and discuss the possible contribution of this aberration to the horizontal-vertical difference in the chromatic channel.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St., North York, Ontario, M3J-1P3, Canada; 2: Département de Psychologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succursale A, Montréal, Québec, H3C-3J7, Canada


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