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Modelling spatial vision at the threshold level

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image of Spatial Vision
For more content, see Multisensory Research and Seeing and Perceiving.

Some available single- and multiple-channel models are reviewed. Multichannel models are generalized and tested against threshold data on various stimulus sets. Without using the explicit assumption of spatial probability summation, simple multichannel models are shown to provide good simultaneous predictions of threshold curves of sinewave gratings and other gratings. They fail in predicting threshold curves of disk-shaped stimuli. If global or local spatial probability summation within channels is incorporated into the models, correctly shaped threshold curves of disks can be predicted. However, the predicted curves appear still too low if compared to measured curves. The same holds for noise gratings. Possible extensions of the models, based on local summation between channel responses and/or models consisting of initial isotropic channels (retina) followed by anisotropic channels (cortex), are discussed.

Affiliations: 1: Signal Processing Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, EPFL-Ecublens, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland


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