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The effect of disparity on motion coherence

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image of Spatial Vision
For more content, see Multisensory Research and Seeing and Perceiving.

Many moving plaid stimuli are ambiguous, and perception switches between a coherent plaid pattern and two transparent gratings. Here, experiments are reported that examined the effect of stereodepth between the two gratings of the moving plaid stimulus on the perception of coherence or motion transparency. Increasing disparity increased the percentage of time that two independently drifting transparent gratings were perceived. This was studied for plaids with various levels of intersection luminance. Using intersection luminances beyond conditions of physical transparency increased the percentage of time that one coherent plaid was seen. These two opposing influences could be pitted against each other to achieve constant levels of coherence. An adaptation paradigm was also used in which observers adapted to a stationary stimulus with either zero, crossed or uncrossed disparity between the gratings, and then indicated the occurrence of coherence and motion transparency in test stimuli of drifting plaids with zero, crossed or uncrossed disparity. Adaptation to crossed and uncrossed stereodepth increased relative perceived coherence equally, especially for zero test disparity. An analysis of the length of the episodes of coherence and motion transparency indicated that the effect of adaptation was to decrease the length of motion transparency episodes, while the length of coherence episodes did not change. It is concluded that mechanisms involved in the processing of stereodepth must have an input to the integration stage of the motion channel and that pattern and component motion mechanisms can operate quite independently.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke St. W., Montréal, Québec H4B IR6, Canada


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