Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Opposition to Enlargement among “New” and “Old” Europeans: The Cases of Post-Communist EU Members and Candidates

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Comparative Sociology
For content published from 1960-2001, see International Journal of Comparative Sociology.

AbstractAs the European Union (eu) continues to expands “eastward,” we know relatively little about enlargement opinion in post-Communist member states and toward post-Communist candidates’ entries. This article develops comparative explanations of enlargement opinion and examines attitudes toward the entries of post-Communist candidates (as of 2006: Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, and Macedonia). Descriptive and multinomial logit analyses of Eurobarometer data reveal that opposition is less pronounced in post-Communist versus other eu member states and somewhat less pronounced in post-Communist countries that began eu accession negotiations earlier. Anti-immigrant sentiment is a consistently weaker predictor of oppositional attitudes in post-Communist versus other eu member states. These and other differences warrant theoretical and empirical attention in eu research.

Affiliations: 1: College of the Holy; 2: Oklahoma State


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Anderson Benedict Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism 1983 New York, NY Verso
2. Anderson Christopher J. "“The End of Economic Voting? Contingency Dilemmas and the Limits of Democratic Accountability.”" Annual Review of Political Science 2007 Vol 10 271 296 [Crossref]
3. Ariely Gal "“Nationhood across Europe: The Civic-Ethnic Framework and the Distinction between Western and Eastern Europe.”" Perspectives on European Politics and Society 2013 Vol 14 1 123 143 [Crossref]
4. Azrout Rachid , van Spanje Joost , de Vreese Claes "“Talking Turkey: Anti-immigrant attitudes and their effect on support for Turkish membership of the EU.”" European Union Politics 2011 Vol 12 3 19 [Crossref]
5. Azrout Rachid , van Spanje Joost , de Vreese Claes "“Focusing on Differences? Contextual Conditions and Anti-immigrant attitudes’ Effects on Support for Turkey’s EU Membership.”" International Journal of Public Opinion Research 2013 doi: 10.1093/ijpor/edt016
6. Bandelj Nina , Mahutga Matthew C. "“How Socio-Economic Change Shapes Income Inequality in Post-Socialist Europe.”" Social Forces 2010 Vol 88 2133 2161 [Crossref]
7. Berezin Mabel , Diez-Medrano Juan "“Distance Matters: Place, Political Legitimacy and Popular Support for European Integration.”" Comparative European Politics 2008 Vol 6 1 32 [Crossref]
8. Boomgaarden Hajo G. , Schuck Andreas R. T. , Elenbaas Matthijs , de Vreese Claes H. "“Mapping EU Attitudes: Conceptual and Empirical Dimensions of Euroscepticism and EU Support.”" European Union Politics 2011 Vol 12 2 241 266 [Crossref]
9. Böröcz Jozsef , Sarkar Mahau "“What is the EU?”" International Sociology 2005 Vol 20 153 173 [Crossref]
10. Brubakers Roger Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany 1992 Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press
11. Bruter Michael "“Winning Hearts and Minds for Europe: The Impact of News and Symbols on Civic and Cultural European Identity.”" Comparative Political Studies 2003 Vol 36 1148 1179 [Crossref]
12. Cameron David R. "“Creating Market Economies after Communism: The Impact of the European Union.”" Post-Soviet Affairs 2009 Vol 25 1 38 [Crossref]
13. Carey Sean "“Undivided Loyalties: Is National Identity an Obstacle to European Integration?”" European Union Politics 2002 Vol 3 387 413 [Crossref]
14. Chacha Mwita "“Regional Attachment and Support for European Integration.”" European Union Politics 2013 Vol 14 206 227 [Crossref]
15. Christiansen Thomas , Jorgansen Knud Erik , Weiner Antje "“The Social Construction of Europe.”" Journal of European Public Policy 1999 Vol 6 528 544 [Crossref]
16. Christin Thomas "“Economic and Political Basis of Attitudes toward the EU in Central East European Countries in the 1990s.”" European Union Politics 2005 Vol 6 29 57 [Crossref]
17. Cichowski Rachel A. "“Western Dreams, Eastern Realities: Support for the European Union in Central and Eastern Europe.”" Comparative Political Studies 2000 Vol 33 1243 1278 [Crossref]
18. de Vreese Claes H. , Boomgaarden Hajo G. "“Projecting EU Referendums: Fear of Immigration and Support for European Integration.”" European Union Politics 2005 Vol 6 59 82 [Crossref]
19. de Vreese Claes H. , Boomgaarden Hajo G. "“Media Effects on Public Opinion about the Enlargement of the European Union.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 2006 Vol 44 2 419 436 [Crossref]
20. de Vreese Claes H. , Boomgaarden Hajo G. , Semetko Holli A. "“Hard and Soft: Public Support for Turkish Membership in the EU.”" European Union Politics 2008 Vol 9 511 530 [Crossref]
21. Deutsch Karl W. , Burrell Sidney A. , Kann Robert A. Political Community and the North Atlantic Area: International Organization in the Light of Historical Experience 1957 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press
22. Diez-Medrano Juan Framing Europe: Attitudes to European Integration in Germany, Spain, and the United Kingdom 2003 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press
23. Dixon Jeffrey C. "“Opposition to Enlargement as a Symbolic Defence of Group Position: Multilevel Analyses of Attitudes toward Candidates’ Entries in the EU-25.”" The British Journal of Sociology 2010 Vol 61 1 127 154 [Crossref]
24. Economist 2006 Charlemagne: A case of enlargement fatigue, 11 May. Available: (last accessed 9 July 2013)
25. Ehin Piret "“Determinants of Public Support for EU Membership: Data from the Baltic Countries.”" European Journal of Political Research 2001 Vol 40 31 56
26. Eichenberg Richard C. , Dalton Russell J. "“Europeans and the European Community: The Dynamics of Public Support for European Integration.”" International Organization 1993 Vol 47 507 534 [Crossref]
27. Elgün Özlem , Tillman Erik R. "“Exposure to European Union Policies and Support for Membership in the Candidate Countries.”" Political Research Quarterly 2007 Vol 60 391 400 [Crossref]
28. Europa "“List of Countries.”" 2013 Available: (last accessed 9 July 2013)
29. European Commission 2007 Brussels European Commission Eurobarometer 66: Public Opinion in the European Union
30. Evans Geoffrey "“The Social Bases of Political Divisions in Post-Communist Eastern Europe.”" Annual Review of Sociology 2006 Vol 32 245 270 [Crossref]
31. Favell Adrian , Guiraudon Virginie "“The Sociology of the European Union: An Agenda.”" European Union Politics 2009 Vol 10 4 550 576 [Crossref]
32. Favell Adrian , Hansen Randall "“Markets against Politics: Migration, EU Enlargement and the Idea of Europe.”" Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2002 Vol 28 4 581 602 [Crossref]
33. Fligstein Neil Euroclash: The EU, European Identity, and the Future of Europe 2008 New York, NY Oxford University Press
34. Fligstein Neil , Polyakova Alina , Sandholtz Wayne "“European Integration, Nationalism and European Identity.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 2012 Vol 50 106 122 [Crossref]
35. Frye Timothy "“In From the Cold: Institutions and Causal Inference in Postcommunist Studies.”" Annual Review of Political Science 2012 Vol 15 245 263 [Crossref]
36. Gabel Matthew J. "“Economic Integration and Mass Politics: Market Liberalization and Public Attitudes in the European Union.”" American Journal of Political Science 1998a Vol 42 936 953 [Crossref]
37. Gabel Matthew J. "“Public Support for European Integration: An Empirical Test of Five Theories.”" Journal of Politics 1998b Vol 60 333 354 [Crossref]
38. Gerhards Jürgen , Hans Silke "“Why not Turkey? Attitudes toward Turkish Membership in the EU among Citizens in 27 European Countries.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 2011 Vol 49 741 766 [Crossref]
39. Hansen Peo "“In the name of Europe.”" Race & Class 2004 Vol 45 49 62 [Crossref]
40. Hobolt Sara B. "“Taking Cues on Europe? Voter Competence and Party Endorsements in Referendums on European Integration.”" European Journal of Political Research 2007 Vol 46 151 182 [Crossref]
41. Hooghe Liesbet "“Europe Divided? Elites vs. Public Opinion on European Integration.”" European Union Politics 2003 Vol 4 281 304 [Crossref]
42. Hooghe Liesbet , Marks Gary "“Calculation, Community and Cues: Public Opinion on European Integration.”" European Union Politics 2005 Vol 6 419 443 [Crossref]
43. Hooghe Liesbet , Marks Gary "“Does Identity or Economic Rationality Drive Public Opinion on European Integration?”" PSOnline 2004 July 1 6
44. Içener Erhan , Phinnemore David , Papadimitriou Dimitris "“Continuity and change in the European Union’s approach to enlargement: Turkey and Central and Eastern Europe compared.”" Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 2010 Vol 10 207 223 [Crossref]
45. Inglehart Ronald "“Cognitive Mobilization and European Identity.”" Comparative Politics 1970 Vol 3 45 70 [Crossref]
46. Jones Erik , van der Bijl Neils "“Public Opinion and Enlargement: A Gravity Approach.”" European Union Politics 2004 Vol 5 331 351 [Crossref]
47. Karp Jeffrey A. , Bowler Shaun "“Broadening andDeepening or Broadening versusDeepening: The Question of Enlargement and Europe’s ‘Hesitant Europeans’.”" European Journal of Political Research 2006 Vol 45 369 390 [Crossref]
48. Lazić Mladen , Vuletić Vladimir "“The Nation State and the EU in the Perceptions of Political and Economic Elites: The Case of Serbia in Comparative Perspective.”" Europe-Asia Studies 2009 Vol 61 987 1001 [Crossref]
49. Lengyel György "“Supranational Attachment of European Elites and Citizens.”" Europe-Asia Studies 2011 Vol 63 6 987 1001 [Crossref]
50. Linz Juan J. , Stepan Alfred Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe 1996 Baltimore, MD The Johns Hopkins University Press
51. Long J. Scott Regression Models for Categorical and Limited Dependent Variables 1997 Thousand Oaks, CA Sage
52. Loveless Matthew "“Agreeing in Principle: Utilitarianism and Economic Values as Support for the European Union in Central and Eastern Europe.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 2010 Vol 48 1083 1106 [Crossref]
53. Maier Jürgen , Rittberger Berthold "“Shifting Europe’s Boundaries: Mass Media, Public Opinion and the Enlargement of the EU.”" European Union Politics 2008 Vol 9 243 267 [Crossref]
54. Marks Gary , Hooghe Liesbet , Nelson Moira , Edwards Erica "“Party Competition and European Integration in the East and West: Different Structure, Same Causality.”" Comparative Political Studies 2006 Vol 39 155 175 [Crossref]
55. Mayer Franz C. , Palmowski Jan "“European Identities and the EU – The Ties that Bind the Peoples of Europe.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 2004 Vol 42 573 598 [Crossref]
56. McLaren Lauren M. "“Opposition to Turkish Membership of the EU.”" European Union Politics 2007 Vol 8 251 278 [Crossref]
57. McLaren Lauren M. "“Opposition to European Integration and Fear of Loss of National Identity: Debunking a Basic Assumption Regarding Hostility to the Integration Project.”" European Journal of Political Research 2004 Vol 43 895 911 [Crossref]
58. McLaren Lauren M. "“Public Support for the European Union: Cost/Benefit Analysis or Perceived Cultural Threat?”" Journal of Politics 2002 Vol 64 551 566 [Crossref]
59. McLaren Lauren M. "“Immigration and the New Politics of Inclusion and Exclusion in the European Union: The Effect of Elites and the EU on Individual-Level Opinions Regarding European and non-European Immigrants.”" European Journal of Political Research 2001 Vol 39 81 108
60. Neumann Iver B. Uses of the Other: “The East” in European Identity Formation 1999 Minneapolis, Minnesota University of Minnesota Press
61. Phinnemore David "“From Negotiations to Accession: Lessons from the 2007 Enlargement.”" Perspectives on European Politics and Society 2009 Vol 10 240 253 [Crossref]
62. Pierson Paul "“The Path to European Integration: A Historical Institutionalist Analysis.”" Comparative Political Studies 1996 Vol 29 123 163 [Crossref]
63. Rohrschneider Robert , Whitefield Stephen "“Political Parties, Public Opinion and European Integration in Post-Communist Countries: The State of the Art.”" European Union Politics 2006 Vol 7 141 160 [Crossref]
64. Rohrschneider Robert "“The Democracy Deficit and Mass Support for an EU-wide Government.”" American Journal of Political Science 2002 Vol 46 2 463 475 [Crossref]
65. Roose Jochen "“How European is European Identification? Comparing Continent Identification in Europe and Beyond.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 2013 Vol 51 2 281 297 [Crossref]
66. Rose Richard , Haerpfer Christian "“Democracy and Enlarging the European Union Eastwards.”" Journal of Common Market Studies 1995 Vol 33 427 450 [Crossref]
67. Rumelili Bahar "“Constructing Identity and Relating to Difference: Understanding the EU’s Mode of Differentiation.”" Review of International Studies 2004 Vol 30 27 47 [Crossref]
68. Schimmelfennig Frank , Sedelmeier Ulrich "“Theorizing EU Enlargement: Research Focus, Hypotheses, and the State of Research.”" Journal of European Public Policy 2002 Vol 9 500 528 [Crossref]
69. Schimmelfennig Frank The EU, NATO and the Integration of Europe: Rules and Rhetoric 2003 Cambridge, MA Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
70. Schuck Andreas , de Vreese Claes H. "“Between Risk and Opportunity: News Framing and its Effects on Public Support for EU Enlargement.”" European Journal of Communication 2006 Vol 21 5 32 [Crossref]
71. Sears David O. , Hensler Carl P. , Speer Leslie K. "“Whites’ Opposition to ‘Busing’: Self-Interest or Symbolic Politics?”" The American Political Science Review 1979 Vol 73 2 369 384 [Crossref]
72. Sztompka Piotr "“From East Europeans to Europeans: Shifting Collective Identities and Symbolic Boundaries in the New Europe.”" European Review 2004 Vol 12 481 496 [Crossref]
73. Timuş Natalia "“The Role of Public Opinion in European Union Policy Making: The Case of European Union Enlargement.”" Perspectives on European Politics and Society 2006 Vol 7 3 336 347 [Crossref]
74. Tucker Joshua A. , Pacek Alexander C. , Berinsky Adam J. "“Transitional Winners and Losers: Attitudes toward EU membership in Post-Communist Countries.”" American Journal of Political Science 2002 Vol 46 557 571 [Crossref]
75. Tverdova Y. V. , Anderson C. J. "“Choosing the West? Referendum Choices on EU membership in east-central Europe.”" Electoral Studies 2004 Vol 23 185 208 [Crossref]
76. Williams Richard "“Using Heterogeneous Choice Models to Compare Logit and Probit Coefficients across Groups.”" Sociological Methods and Research 2009 Vol 37 531 559 [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Comparative Sociology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation