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Opposition to Enlargement among “New” and “Old” Europeans: The Cases of Post-Communist EU Members and Candidates

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AbstractAs the European Union (eu) continues to expands “eastward,” we know relatively little about enlargement opinion in post-Communist member states and toward post-Communist candidates’ entries. This article develops comparative explanations of enlargement opinion and examines attitudes toward the entries of post-Communist candidates (as of 2006: Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, and Macedonia). Descriptive and multinomial logit analyses of Eurobarometer data reveal that opposition is less pronounced in post-Communist versus other eu member states and somewhat less pronounced in post-Communist countries that began eu accession negotiations earlier. Anti-immigrant sentiment is a consistently weaker predictor of oppositional attitudes in post-Communist versus other eu member states. These and other differences warrant theoretical and empirical attention in eu research.

Affiliations: 1: College of the Holy Crossjdixon@holycross.edu; 2: Oklahoma State Universityandrew.fullerton@okstate.edu

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2014-05-08
2017-10-17

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