Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

An Integrated Theory of Lethal Punishment: Social Geometry, Status Relationships, and the Dehumanization Process

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Comparative Sociology
For content published from 1960-2001, see International Journal of Comparative Sociology.

Punishment exists universally as a form of social control, spanning a continuum from the physically inconsequential to lethality. What explains observable variations in punishment, or lethal punishment as a form of social control? This paper builds upon Black’s pure sociology framework and Milner’s theory of status relations to argue that lethal punishment occurs mainly under conditions of marginalization, disruptions of the previous social geometries, and social polarization that characterize interpersonal encounters or inter-group relationships. These conditions facilitate the status degradation processes that lead to the dehumanization of the “other.” By the same token, such conditions do not often prevail in familial settings and hence lethal punishments are far less common than the lethality associated with other forms of moralistic violence and state-sanctioned punishments.

Affiliations: 1: King’s University College, Western University LondonCanada jmichal2@uwo.ca

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15691330-12341423
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Adinkrah Mensah"“Uxoricide in Fiji: The Sociocultural Context of Husband-Wife Killing”" Violence Against Women 1999Vol 5 11 1294 1320 [Crossref]
2. Adinkrah Mensah"“Husbands Who Kill Their Wives: An Analysis of Uxoricides in Contemporary Ghana”" International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 2008Vol 52 3 296 310 [Crossref]
3. Akpinar Aylin"“The Honor/Shame Complex Revisited: Violence against Women in the Migration Context" Women’s Studies International Forum 2003Vol 26 5 425 442 [Crossref]
4. Alleyne Emma, Fernandes Isabel, Pritchard Elizabeth"“Denying Humanness to Victims: How Gang Members Justify Violent Behavior”" Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 2014Vol 17 6 750 762 [Crossref]
5. Altink Henrice"“ ‘I did not want to face the shame of exposure’: Gender Ideology and Child Murder in Post-Emancipation Jamaica”" Journal of Social History 2007Vol 41 2 355 387 [Crossref]
6. Aly Anne"“The Terrorists’ Audience: A Model of Internet Radicalisation”" Journal of Australian Professional Intelligence Officers 2009Vol 17 1 3 19
7. Annussek Angel"“Mugshots: A Mother’s Madness – Andrea Yates”" 2002 Originally aired on Court tv, October 8, 2002
8. Arnold-Lourie Christine"“ ‘A Madman’s Deed – A Maniac’s Hand’: Gender and Justice in Three Maryland Lynchings”" Journal of Social History 2008Vol 41 4 1031 1045 [Crossref]
9. Arowosegbe Jeremiah O."“Ethnic Minorities and the Land Question in Nigeria”" Review of African Political Economy 2016Vol 43 148 260 276 [Crossref]
10. Awwad Amani M."“Gossip, Scandal, Shame and Honor Killing: A Case for Social Constructionism and Hegemonic Discourse”" Social Thought and Research 2001Vol 24 39 52
11. Barone Lavinia, Bramante Allesandra, Lionetti Francesca, Pastore Massimiliano"“Mothers Who Murdered Their Child: An Attachment-Based Study on Filicide”" Child Abuse and Neglect 2014Vol 38 9 1468 1477 [Crossref]
12. Bell Tess, Romano Elisa"“Opinions about Child Corporal Punishment and Influencing Factors”" Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2012Vol 27 11 208 229 [Crossref]
13. Black Donald The Behavior of Law 1976 New York, NY Academic Press
14. Black Donald McNall S. G."“Pure Sociology”" Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology 1979 New York St. Martin’s Press 149 168
15. Black Donald"“Crime as Social Control”" American Sociological Review 1983Vol 48 1 34 45 [Crossref]
16. Black Donald"“The Epistemology of Pure Sociology”" Law and Social Inquiry 1995Vol 20 3 829 870 [Crossref]
17. Black Donald The Social Structure of Right and Wrong 1998 San Diego Academic Press
18. Black Donald"“Dreams of Pure Sociology”" Sociological Theory 2000Vol 18 3 343 367 [Crossref]
19. Black Donald Zahn M. A., Brownstein H. H., Jackson S. L."“Violent Structures”""Violence: From Theory to Research" 2004 Newark, NJ Lexis Nexis 145 158
20. Black Donald Moral Time 2011 New York Oxford University Press [Crossref]
21. Campbell Bradley"“Genocide and Social Time”" Revista de Estudos de Conflito e Controle Social 2013Vol 6 3 465 488
22. Campbell Bradley The Geometry of Genocide 2015 Charlottesville, VA University of Virginia Press
23. Campbell Jacquelyn C., Glass Nancy, Sharps Phyllis W., Laughon Kathryn, Bloom Tina"“Intimate Partner Homicide: Review and Implications of Research and Policy”" Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 2007Vol 8 3 246 269 [Crossref]
24. Canna’n Tawfiq"“Unwritten Laws Affecting the Arab Women of Palestine”" Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society 1931Vol 11 3-4 172 203
25. Caprara Gian Vittorio, Alessandri Guido, Fida Roberta, Tisak Marie S., Fontaine Reid Griffith, Paciello Marinella"“The Contribution of Moral Disengagement in Mediating Individual Tendencies toward Aggression and Violence”" Developmental Psychology 2014Vol 50 1 71 85 [Crossref]
26. Cetin Ihsan"“Defining Recent Femicide in Modern Turkey: Revolt Killing”" Journal of International Women’s Studies 2015Vol 16 2 346 360
27. Chakravarti Uma Welchman L., Hossain S."“From Fathers to Husbands: Of Love, Death and Marriage in North India”" “Honour”: Crimes, Paradigms, and Violence against Women 2005 London Zed Books 308 331
28. Chesler Phyllis"“Are Honor Killings Simply Domestic Violence?”" Middle East Quarterly 2009Vol 16 2 61 69
29. Chesler Phyllis"“Worldwide Trends in Honor Killings”" Middle East Quarterly 2010Vol 17 3 11
30. Coale Ansley J., Banister Judith"“Five Decades of Missing Children in China”" Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 1996Vol 140 4 421 450
31. Cooney Mark"“Death by Family: Honor Violence as Punishment”" Punishment and Society 2014aVol 16 4 406 427 [Crossref]
32. Cooney Mark"“Family Honor and Social Time”" The Sociological Review 2014bVol 62 s2 87 106 [Crossref]
33. Cooney Mark"“How to Commit a Perfect Murder”" International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 2015Vol 43 295 309 [Crossref]
34. Cooney Mark, Bigman Nicole"“Terrorism as Gravitational Attraction”" Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance 2015Vol 20 25 46 [Crossref]
35. Cooney Mark, Phillips Scott"“Typologizing Violence: A Blackian Perspective”" International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 2002Vol 22 7/8 75 108 [Crossref]
36. Corradi Consuelo, Stöckl Heidi"“Intimate Partner Homicide in Ten European Countries: Statistical Data and Policy Development in a Cross-National Perspective”" European Journal of Criminology 2014Vol 11 5 601 618 [Crossref]
37. Costello Kimberly, Hodson Gordon"“Exploring the Roots of Dehumanization: The Role of Animal-Human Similarity in Promoting Immigrant Humanization”" Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 2009Vol 13 1 3 22 [Crossref]
38. Cottee Simon The Apostates: When Muslims Leave Islam 2015 London Hurst and Company
39. Crow Britt L."“Bare-Sticks and Rebellion: The Drivers and Implications of China’s Reemerging Sex Imbalance”" Technology in Society 2010Vol 32 2 72 80 [Crossref]
40. Cunha Olga Soares, Goncalves Rui Abrunhosa"“Severe and Less Severe Intimate Partner Violence: From Characterization to Prediction”" Violence and Victims 2016Vol 31 235 250 [Crossref]
41. Cusac Anne-Marie Cruel and Unusual: The Culture of Punishment in America 2009 New Haven, CT Yale University Press
42. Daly Martin, Wilson Margo"“Some Differential Attributes of Lethal Assaults on Small Children by Stepfathers versus Genetic Fathers”" Ethology and Sociobiology 1994Vol 15 207 217 [Crossref]
43. Daly Martin, Wilson Margo Crawford C. B., Krebs D. L."“The Evolutionary Social Psychology of Family Violence""Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology" 1998 Mahwah, NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 431 456
44. Debowska Agata, Boduszek Daniel, Dhingra Katie"“Victim, Perpetrator, and Offense Characteristics in Filicide and Filicide-Suicide”" Aggression and Violent Behavior 2015Vol 21 113 124 [Crossref]
45. Deswal Vageshwari"“Honour Killings: The Hegemonic Paradigm”" Delhi Law Review 2012Vol 31 143 150
46. Dhaliwal Sukhwant, Forkert Kirsten"“Deserving and Undeserving Migrants”" Soundings 2015Vol 61 49 61 [Crossref]
47. Dogan Recep"“Honour Killings in the uk Communities:Adherence to Tradition and Resistance to Change”" Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 2013Vol 33 3 401 417 [Crossref]
48. Driessens Olivier"“Celebrity Capital: Redefining Celebrity Using Field Theory”" Theory and Society 2013Vol 42 543 560 [Crossref]
49. Durkheim Emile The Rules of Sociological Method [1895]1964 New York Free Press
50. Edelstein Amon"“Cultural Change, Acculturation and Femicide among Ethiopian Immigrants to Israel”" Social Issues in Israel 2012Vol 14 148 173
51. Elizur Yoel, Yishay-Krien Nuphar"“Participation in Atrocities Among Israeli Soldiers During the First Intifada: A Qualitative Analysis”" Journal of Peace Research 2009Vol 46 2 251 267 [Crossref]
52. Emler Nicholas, Reicher Stephen Adolescence and Delinquency: The Collective Management of Reputation 1995 Cambridge, MA Blackwell
53. Epstein Cynthia Fuchs"“Death by Gender”" Dissent 2010Vol 57 2 54 57 [Crossref]
54. Ercan Selen A."“Creating and Sustaining Evidence for ‘Failed Multiculturalism’: The Case of ‘Honor Killing’ in Germany”" American Behavioral Scientist 2015Vol 59 6 658 678 [Crossref]
55. Federal Bureau of Investigation"Expanded Homicide Data, Table 10: Murder Circumstances by Relationship" 2016 (
56. Finer Lawrence B., Frohwirth Lori F., Dauphinee Lindsay A., Singh Susheela, Moore Ann M."“Reasons U.S. Women Have Abortions: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives”" Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2005Vol 37 3 110 118 [Crossref]
57. Fox James Alan, Zawitz Marianne W. Homicide Trends in the United States 2006 Washington, D.C. Bureau of Justice Statistics
58. Foucault Michel Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison 1977 New York Pantheon Books
59. Freeman Michael, Saunders Bernadette J."“Can We Conquer Child Abuse If We Don’t Outlaw Physical Chastisement of Children?”" International Journal of Children’s Rights 2014Vol 22 4 681 709 [Crossref]
60. Fusco Rachel A., Rautkis Mary E."“Transracial Mothering and Maltreatment: Are Black/White Biracial Children at Higher Risk?”" Child Welfare 2012Vol 91 1 55 77
61. Gammeltoft Tine M., Wahlberg Ayo"“Selective Reproductive Technologies”" Annual Review of Anthropology 2014Vol 43 201 2016 [Crossref]
62. Geiger-Oneto Stephanie, Phillips Scott"“Driving While Black: The Role of Race, Sex, and Social Status”" Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice 2003Vol 1 2 1 25 [Crossref]
63. Gershoff Elizabeth T."“More Harm than Good: A Summary of the Scientific Research on the Intended and Unintended Effects of Corporal Punishment on Children”" Law and Contemporary Problems 2010Vol 73 2 31 56
64. Gill Aisha K., Strange Carolyn, Roberts Karl ‘Honour Killing and Violence: Theory, Policy and Practice. 2014 New York Palgrave Macmillan
65. Gill Gurjeet K."“Female Feticide as a Contemporary Cultural Practice in the Punjab”" Dialectical Anthropology 1998Vol 23 2 203 213 [Crossref]
66. Giner-Sorolla Roger, Leidner Bernhard, Castano Emanuele Hogg M. A., Blaylock D. L."“Dehumanization, Demonization, and Morality Shifting: Paths to Moral Certainty in Extremist Violence" Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty 2012 Chichester, UK Blackwell 165 182
67. Goff Phillip Atiba, Williams Melissa J., Eberhardt Jennifer L., Jackson Matthew Christian"“Not Yet Human: Implicit Knowledge, Historical Dehumanization, and Contemporary Consequences”" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2008Vol 94 2 292 306 [Crossref]
68. Gondolf Edward W., Shestakov Dmitri"“Spousal Homicide in Russia: Gender Inequality in a Multifactor Model”" Violence Against Women 1997Vol 3 5 533 546 [Crossref]
69. Gressel Gideon M."“Family Honour”" Current Anthropology 1981Vol 22 2 141 152 [Crossref]
70. Gross Mark"“Vigilante Justice and ‘Forward Panic’ in Johannesburg’s Townships”" Theory and Society 2016Vol 45 3 239 263 [Crossref]
71. Guttmacher Institute"“State Policies on Late Abortions”" 2016 See (downloaded April 16, 2016)
72. Hafez M. Victoroff J."“Moral Agents, Immoral Violence: Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement in Palestinian Suicide Terrorism”" Tangled Roots: Social and Psychological Factors in the Origins of Terrorism 2006 Amsterdam IOS Press 292 307
73. Haist Matthew"“Deterrence in a Sea of ‘Just Deserts’: Are Utilitarian Goals Achievable in a World of ‘Limiting Retributivism’?" Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 2009Vol 99 3 789 821
74. Harris Grant T., Hilton N. Zoe, Rice Marnie E., Eke Angela W."“Children Killed by Genetic Parents versus Stepparents”" Evolution and Human Behavior 2007Vol 28 85 95 [Crossref]
75. Harris Leslee J., Kim Sang-Yeon"“ ‘True’ Americans and ‘Violent’ Immigrants: Making Sense of Wife Murder in Chicago, 1870-1910”" Immigrants and Minorities 2015Vol 33 1 66 91 [Crossref]
76. Hasan Manar"“The Politics of Honor: Patriarchy, the State and the Murder of Women in the Name of Family Honor”" Journal of Israeli History 2002Vol 21 1-2 1 37 [Crossref]
77. Haslam Nick"“Dehumanization: An Integrative Review”" Personality and Social Psychology Review 2006Vol 10 3 252 264 [Crossref]
78. Hatzfeld Jean Machete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak 2005 New York Ferrar, Straus and Giroux
79. Hayes Brittany E., Freilich Joshua D., Chermak Steven M."“An Exploratory Study of Honor Crimes in the United States”" Journal of Family Violence 2016Vol 31 303 314 [Crossref]
80. Henriques Gregg"“The Tree of Knowledge System and the Theoretical Unification of Psychology”" Review of General Psychology 2003Vol 7 2 150 182 [Crossref]
81. Henriques Gregg A New Unified Theory of Psychology 2011 New York Springer [Crossref]
82. Holmes M. M., Resnick H. S., Kilpatrick D. G., Best C. L."“Rape-Related Pregnancy: Estimates and Descriptive Characteristics from a National Sample of Women”" American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology 1996Vol 175 2 320 324 [Crossref]
83. Human Rights Watch"“Integration of the Human Rights of Women and the Gender Perspective: Violence Against Women and ‘Honor’ Crimes”" 2001 See (downloaded March 14, 2016)
84. Hymel Shelley, Bonanno Rina A."“Moral Disengagement Processes in Bullying”" Theory Into Practice 2014Vol 53 278 285 [Crossref]
85. İnce Hilal Onur, Yarali Aysan, Özsel Dogancan"“Customary Killings in Turkey and Turkish Modernization”" Middle Eastern Studies 2009Vol 45 537 551 [Crossref]
86. Jafri Amir H. Honour Killing: Dilemma, Ritual, Understanding 2008 Oxford Oxford University Press
87. Johnson Michael P. A Typology of Domestic Violence: Intimate Terrorism, Violent Resistance, and Situational Couple Violence 2008 Boston Northeastern University Press
88. Jordan Carol E. Fisher B. S., Lab S. P."“Intimate Partner Violence: Strategic Safety Planning”""Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention" 2010 Thousand Oaks, CA SAGE 809 812
89. Kargar Zarghuna"“Farkhunda: The Making of a Martyr”" 2015 See (downloaded March 14, 2016)
90. Katerndahl David, Burge Sandra, Ferrer Robert, Becho Johanna, Wood Robert"“Differences in Social Network Structures and Support among Women in Violent Relationships”" Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2013Vol 28 1948 1964 [Crossref]
91. Katz Gary M."“Previous Conformity, Status, and the Rejection of the Deviant”" Small Group Behavior 1982Vol 13 3 403 414 [Crossref]
92. Knabb Joshua J, Welsh Robert K., Graham-Howard Marjorie L."“Religious Delusion and Filicide: A Psychodynamic Model”" Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 2012Vol 15 5 529 549 [Crossref]
93. Korteweg Anna C."“ ‘Honour Killing’ in the Immigration Context: Multiculturalism and the Racialization of Violence against Women”" Politikon 2014Vol 41 2 183 208 [Crossref]
94. Krishnaswamy Shantha"“A Note on Female Infanticide: An Anthropological Inquiry”" The Indian Journal of Social Work 1984Vol 45 3 297 302
95. Lacey Nicola, Pickard Hanna"“The Chimera of Proportionality: Institutionalising Limits on Punishment in Contemporary Social and Political Systems”" Modern Law Review 2015Vol 78 2 216 240 [Crossref]
96. Lammers Joris, Stapel Diederik A."“Power Increases Dehumanization”" Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 2011Vol 14 1 113 126 [Crossref]
97. Larme Anne C."“Health Care Allocation and Selective Neglect in Rural Peru”" Social Science and Medicine 1997Vol 44 11 1711 1723 [Crossref]
98. Latner Richard"“The Long and Short of Salem Witchcraft: Chronology and Collective Violence in 1692”" Journal of Social History 2008Vol 42 1 137 156 [Crossref]
99. Liebling Helen, Slegh Henry"“ ‘I became a woman with a bad reputation in my society’: Gendered Responses to Women and Girl’s Bearing a Child from Rape in Eastern Congo”" African Journal of Traumatic Stress 2011Vol 2 2 60 70
100. Lyngdoh Margaret"“On Wealth and Jealousy among the Khasis Thlen, Demonization and the Other”" Internationales Asienforum 2015Vol 46 1-2 169 186
101. Mariano Timothy Y., Chan Heng Choon (Oliver), Myers Wade C."“Toward a More Holistic Understanding of Filicide: A Multidisciplinary Analysis of 32 years of U.S. Arrest Data”" Forensic Science International 2014Vol 236 46 53 [Crossref]
102. Marshall Douglas A."“The Dangers of Purity: On the Incompatibility of ‘Pure Sociology’ and Science”" The Sociological Quarterly 2008Vol 49 2 209 235 [Crossref]
103. Mathews Shanaaz, Jewkes Rachel, Abrahams Naeemah"“ ‘So Now I’m the Man!’: Intimate Partner Femicide and Its Interconnections with Expressions of Masculinities in South Africa”" British Journal of Criminology 2015Vol 55 107 124 [Crossref]
104. Michalski Joseph H."“Making Sociological Sense Out of Trends in Intimate Partner Violence: The Social Structure of Violence Against Women”" Violence Against Women 2004Vol 10 6 652 675 [Crossref]
105. Michalski Joseph H."“Overcoming Sociological Naïveté in the Animal Rights Movement”" Theory in Action 2016Vol 9 1 52 82 [Crossref]
106. Michalski Joseph H."“Status Hierarchies and Hegemonic Masculinity: A General Theory of Prison Violence”" British Journal of Criminology 2017Vol 57 1 40 60 [Crossref]
107. Milner Murray Jr. Status and Sacredness: A General Theory of Status Relations and an Analysis of Indian Culture 1994 New York Oxford University Press
108. Milner Murray Jr."“Celebrity Culture as a Status System”" The Hedgehog Review 2005Vol 7 1 66 77
109. Milner Murray Jr."“Is Celebrity a New Kind of Status System?”" Society 2010Vol 47 5 379 387 [Crossref]
110. Milner Murray Jr."“Paradoxical Inequalities: Adolescent Peer Relations in Indian Secondary Schools”" Sociology of Education 2013Vol 86 3 253 267 [Crossref]
111. Milner Murray Jr. Freaks, Geeks, and Cool Kids: Teenagers in an Era of Consumerism, Standardized Tests, and Social Media 2016 London Routledge
112. Mitra Aparna"“Son Preference in India: Implications for Gender Development”" Journal of Economic Issues 2014Vol 48 4 1021 1037
113. Moghadam Assaf The Globalization of Martyrdom: Al Qaeda, Salafi Jihad, and the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks 2008 Baltimore Johns Hopkins University Press
114. Mooney Jayne, Young Jock"“Imagining Terrorism: Terrorism and Anti-Terrorism Terrorism, Two Ways of Doing Evil”" Social Justice 2005Vol 32 113 125
115. Muravyeva Marianna"“ ‘Till Death Us Do Part’: Spousal Homicide in Early Modern Russia”" Journal of Family History 2013Vol 18 3 306 330 [Crossref]
116. Nasong’o Shadrack Wanjala"“Ethnonationalism and State Integrity in Africa: Cultural Objectification and the Rwandan Genocide”" Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism 2003Vol 30 1-2 56 63
117. Onal Ayse Honour Killing: Stories of Men Who Killed 2008 London Saqi
118. Oomman Nandini, Ganatra Bela R."“Sex Selection: The Systematic Elimination of Girls”" Reproductive Health Matters 2002Vol 10 19 184 188 [Crossref]
119. Pacilli Maria Giuseppina, Roccato Michele, Pagliaro Stefano, Russo Silvia"“From Political Opponents to Enemies? The Role of Perceived Moral Distance in the Animalistic Dehumanization of the Political Outgroup”" Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 2016Vol 19 3 360 373 [Crossref]
120. Philippe Déborah, Durand Rodolphe"“The Impact of Non-Conforming Behaviors on Firm Reputation”" Strategic Management Journal 2011Vol 32 969 993 [Crossref]
121. Phillips Scott, Cooney Mark"“The Electronic Pillory: Social Time and Hostility Toward Capital Murderers”" Law and Society Review 2015Vol 49 3 725 759 [Crossref]
122. Rajan Hamsa"“The Impact of Household Form and Marital Residence on the Economic Dimensions of Women’s Vulnerability to Domestic Violence: The Case of Tibetan Communities”" Genus 2014Vol 70 2-3 139 162
123. Roberts Karl Anton, Campbell Gerry, Lloyd Glen Honor-Based Violence: Policing and Prevention 2014 Boca Raton, FL CRC Press
124. Romano Elisa, Bell Tessa, Norian Rick"“Corporal Punishment: Examining Attitudes Toward the Law and Factors Influencing Attitude Change”" Journal of Family Violence 2013Vol 28 3 265 275 [Crossref]
125. Ryberg Jesper"“Retributivism and Resources”" Utilitas 2013Vol 25 1 66 79 [Crossref]
126. Saka Yael, Cohen-Louck Keren"“From Demonization to Identification: How Parents Who Lost Children in Terrorist Attacks Perceive the Attacker”" Journal of Loss and Trauma 2014Vol 19 137 154 [Crossref]
127. Senechal de la Roche Roberta"“Collective Violence as Social Control”" Sociological Forum 1996Vol 11 1 97 128 [Crossref]
128. Senechal de la Roche Roberta"“Why Is Collective Violence Collective?”" Sociological Theory 2001Vol 19 2 126 144 [Crossref]
129. Sev’er Aysan, Yurdakul Gökçeçiçek"“Culture of Honor, Culture of Change: A Feminist Analysis of Honor Killings in Rural Turkey”" Violence Against Women 2001Vol 7 9 964 998 [Crossref]
130. Shackelford Todd K., Mouzos Jenny"“Partner Killing by Men in Cohabiting and Marital Relationships: A Comparative, Cross-National Analysis of Data from Australia and the United States”" Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2005Vol 20 10 1310 1324 [Crossref]
131. Shalhoub-Kevorkian Nadera"“Femicide and the Palestinian Criminal Justice System: Seeds of Change in the Context of State Building?”" Law and Society Review 2002Vol 36 3 577 605 [Crossref]
132. Sirkeci Ibrahim, Cohen Jeffrey H., Yazgan Pinar"“Turkish Culture of Migration: Flows between Turkey and Germany, Socio-economic Development and Conflict”" Migration Letters 2012Vol 9 1 33 46
133. Straus Murray A., Kantor Glenda Kaufman"“Corporal Punishment of Adolescents by Parents: A Risk Factor in the Epidemiology of Depression, Suicide, Alcohol Abuse, Child Abuse, and Wife Beating”" Adolescence 1994Vol 29 115 543 561
134. Tarantino Quentin, Avary Roger"Movie script for “Pulp Fiction”" 1994 Los Angeles, CA A Band Apart, Jersey Films (released October 12, 1994)
135. Trammell Rebecca, Morris Travis"“The Connection between Stigma, Power, and Life Chances: A Qualitative Examination of Gender and Sex Crime in Yemen”" Sociological Focus 2012Vol 45 2 159 175 [Crossref]
136. Tucker James, Ross Susan Donnelly M., Straus M. A."“Corporal Punishment and Black’s Theory of Social Control”" Corporal Punishment of Children in Theoretical Perspective 2005 New Haven Yale University Press 277 287 [Crossref]
137. unfpa (United Nations Population Fund)"The State of the World Population: Lives Together, Worlds Apart" 2000 See (Downloaded on December 20, 2015)
138. Vandecar-Burdin Tancy, Payne Brian K."“Risk Factors for Victimization of Younger and Older Persons: Assessing Differences in Isolation, Intra-Individual Characteristics, and Health Factors”" Journal of Criminal Justice 2010Vol 38 2 160 165 [Crossref]
139. Weekes-Shackelford Viviana A., Shackelford Todd K."“Methods of Filicide: Step-parents and Genetic Parents Kill Differently”" Violence and Victims 2004Vol 19 1 75 81 [Crossref]
140. Wikan Unni In Honor of Fadime: Murder and Shame 2008 Chicago, IL University of Chicago Press [Crossref]
141. Wortley Scot, Owusu-Bempah Akwasi"“The Usual Suspects: Stop and Search Practices in Canada”" Policing and Society 2011Vol 21 4 395 407 [Crossref]
142. Zhang Hong, Chan Darius K.-S., Teng Fei, Zhang Denghao"“Sense of Interpersonal Security and Preference for Harsh Actions Against Others: The Role of Dehumanization”" Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 2015Vol 56 165 171 [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15691330-12341423
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15691330-12341423
2017-03-28
2018-06-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Comparative Sociology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation