Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Homophobic Nationalism: The Development of Sodomy Legislation in Uganda

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Comparative Sociology
For content published from 1960-2001, see International Journal of Comparative Sociology.

Literature on sexuality and citizenship has demonstrated the myriad of ways that states use legislation to produce, regulate, and protect a sexually and racially “pure” citizen. In the context of the European imperial powers, this citizen is heterosexual, monogamous, and white. In the postcolonial Ugandan context, the development of sodomy legislation shows that this ideal citizen is heterosexual, monogamous, and yet untarnished by contemporary Western ideals (which is undoubtedly paradoxical). This work engages with colonial legislative texts, most notably the Ugandan Penal Code Act of 1950. The author then triangulates this with an analysis of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill and Act and parliamentary record from 1999-2013. With this data, it is argued that the Ugandan construct of an ideal citizen is not only a reactionary result of colonialism, but that it is also demonstrative of the anti-globalization ideology that has heightened in the wake of rapid NGOization of the global LGBTI rights movement.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology, Hofstra University HempsteadUSA


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Alexander M. J."“Not just (any) body can be a citizen: The politics of law, sexuality and postcoloniality in Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas”" Feminist Review 1994Vol 48 1 5 23 [Crossref]
2. Alexander M. J."Pedagogies of Crossing: Meditations on Feminism, Sexual Politics, Memory, and the Sacred (Perverse Modernities)" 2006 First Edition Duke University Press Books
3. Allen T., Heald S."“hiv/aids Policy in Africa: What has worked in Uganda and what has failed in Botswana?”" Journal of International Development 2004Vol 16 8 1141 1154 [Crossref]
4. Altman L. K. New Homosexual Disorder Worries Officials 1982 The New York Times
5. Avert 2011a The history of aids in the United States Retrieved May, 2011, from .
6. Avert 2011b hiv and aids in Uganda, from .
7. Bacchetta P, Haritaworn J Davis K, Evans M"There are many transatlantics: Homonationalism, homotransnationalism and feminist-queer-trans of color theories and practices" Transatlantic Conversations: Feminism as Traveling Theory 2011 Aldershot Ashgate 127 143
8. Bahati D. Anti-Homosexuality Bill 2009 Retrieved from .
9. Baudh S. Human Rights and the Criminalisation of Consensual Same-Sex Sexual Acts In the Commonwealth, South and Southeast Asia tarshi 2008 New Delhi The South and Southeast Asia Resource Centre on Sexuality
10. bbc 2011 Transcript Philip Hammond Interview. The Andrew Marr Show.
11. Bell D., Binnie J."Sexual Citizenship" Handbook of lesbian and gay studies 2002
12. Bell D., Binnie J."Geographies of sexual citizenship" Political Geography 2006
13. Blackstone W. Commentaries on the Laws of England 1916Vol Vol. I
14. Boswell J. Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century 1980 Chicago The University of Chicago Press 100 101
15. Buss D., Herman D."“Globalizing Family Values”" The Christian Rights in International Politics 2003
16. Cage K., Evans M."Gayle: The language of kinks and queens: A history and dictionary of gay language in South Africa" Jacana Media 2003
17. Canaday M."“Building a straight state: Sexuality and social citizenship under the 1944 gi Bill”" The Journal of American History 2003Vol 90 3 935 957 [Crossref]
18. Canaday M. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America 2009 Princeton University Press
19. Cheney K."“Locating Neocolonialism, ‘Tradition,’ and Human Rights in Uganda’s ‘Gay Death Penalty’”" African Studies Review 2012Vol 55 2 77 95 [Crossref]
20. Cohen W."“The Colonized as Child: British and French Colonial Rule”" African Historical Studies 1970Vol 3 2 427 431 [Crossref]
21. Doornbos M. R."“Ethnicity, Christianity, and the Development of Social Stratification in Colonial Ankole, Uganda”" The International Journal of African Historical Studies 1976Vol 9 4 555 575 [Crossref]
22. Epprecht M."“The ‘Unsaying’ of Indigenous Homosexualities in Zimbabwe: Mapping a Blindspot in African Masculinity”" Journal of Southern African Studies 1998Vol 24 4 631 651 [Crossref]
23. Epprecht M."“Black skin, ‘cowboy’ masculinity: A genealogy of homophobia in the African nationalist movement in Zimbabwe to 1983”" Culture, health & sexuality 2005
24. Epprecht M. Heterosexual Africa? The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of aids 2008 Ohio University Press
25. Evans D."Sexual citizenship" The Material Construction of Sexualities 1993 London/New York
26. Gosine A. Barrow C., de Bruin M., Carr R."“Speaking sexuality: The heteronationalism of msm”" Sexuality, social exclusion and human rights 2009 Kingston, Jamaica Ian Rändle Publishers 95 115
27. Greenberg G. 2007 Gay by Choice? The Science of Sexual Identity Retrieved from .
28. Gupta A. This Alien Legacy: The Origins of “Sodomy” Laws in British Colonialism 2008 New York Human Rights Watch
29. Hoad N. Between the white man’s burden and the white man’s disease: tracking lesbian and gay human rights in Southern Africa 1999
30. Hoad N. African Intimacies: Race, Homosexuality, and Globalization 2007 Minneapolis University of Minnesota Press
31. Hollander M."“Gay Rights in Uganda: Seeking to Overturn Uganda’s Anti-Sodomy Laws”" Virginia Journal of International Law 2009Vol 50 1 219 266
32. hrw (Human Rights Watch) 2014 Uganda:Anti-Homosexuality Act’s Heavy Toll. .
33. Jabo J."Uganda must say no to homosexuality" The Observer 2011-05-01 2011
34. Jayawardena K. Feminism and nationalism in the Third World London: Zed Books 1986
35. Jeater D. Marriage, Perversion, and Power: The Construction of Moral Discourse in Southern Rhodesia, 1894-1930 1993 Oxford Clarendon Press [Crossref]
36. Jeater D. Law, language, and science: the invention of the “native mind” in Southern Rhodesia, 1890-1930 2007 Greenwood Publishing Group
37. Jjuuko A. Lennox Corinne, Waites Matthew"The incremental approach: Uganda’s struggle for the decriminalization of homosexuality" Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in The Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalization and Change 2013 London School of Advanced Study, University of London 381 408
38. Johansson W., Percy W. A. Friedlander H., Milton S."“Homosexuals in Nazi Germany”" Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual 1997Vol 7 225 263
39. Jordan M. D. The Invention of Sodomy in Christian Theology 1997 Chicago The University of Chicago Press
40. Kaoma K."“Globalizing the Culture Wars: u.s. Conservatives, African Churches, & Homophobia”" Political Research Associates 2009
41. Karimi F., Thompson N."Uganda’s President Museveni signs controversial anti-gay bill into law" cnn 2014 Feb 25 2014.
42. Kasasira R."Joy, anger as Museveni signs law against gays" The Daily Monitor. 2015-25-2 2014
43. Katz J. N."“The invention of heterosexuality”" Race, Class and Gender, An Anthology 1990 252 264
44. Keating C."“Framing the Postcolonial Sexual Contract: Democracy, Fraternalism, and State Authority in India”" Hypatia 2007Vol 22 4 130 145
45. Khapoya V. The African Experience: An Introduction (1st edition ed.) 1994 Englewood Cliffs, NJ Prentice Hall
46. Kirby M."“The sodomy offence: England’s least lovely criminal law export”" Journal of Commonwealth Criminal Law 2011Vol 1 22
47. Lazarus L."“Heteronationalism, Human Rights, and the Nation-State: Positioning Sexuality in the Jamaican Constitutional Reform Process”" Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 2011Vol 36 71 71 108
48. Lister R."“Women, Economic Dependency and Citizenship”" Journal of Social Policy 1990Vol 19 4 445 468 [Crossref]
49. Lister R. Taylor D."Citizenship Engendered" Critical Social Policy. A Reader 1996 London Sage
50. Lister R. Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives 1997 London Macmillan [Crossref]
51. Luibheid E."“‘Looking like a Lesbian’: The Organization of Sexual Monitoring at the United States-Mexican Border”" Journal of the History of Sexuality 1998 477 506
52. Luibheid E. Entry denied: Controlling sexuality at the border 2002 U of Minnesota Press
53. McClelland M. The Love that Dares. Mother Jones 2012 January/Feburary 2012 Issue.
54. Mugerwa R. D., Marum L. H., Serwadda D. Human immunodeficiency virus and aids in Uganda 1996
55. Mukuthuria M."“Kiswahili and its expanding roles of development in East African cooperation: a case of Uganda”" Nordic Journal of African Studies 2006Vol 15 2 154 165
56. Mwikya K."“Unnatural and Un-African: Contesting queer-phobia by Africa’s political leadership”" Feminist Africa 2014Vol 19 98 105
57. Ndjio B."“Post-colonial histories of sexuality: the political invention of a libidinal African straight”" Africa 2012Vol 82 04 609 631 [Crossref]
58. Newbury D."“Understanding genocide”" African Studies Review 1998Vol 41 01 73 97 [Crossref]
59. Nyanzi S."“Dismantling reified African culture through localized homosexualities in Uganda”" Culture, Health and Sexuality 2013Vol 15 8 952 967 [Crossref]
60. Nyanzi S."“Queer Pride and protest: A reading of the bodies at Uganda’s first Gay Beach Pride”" Signs: A Journal of Women in Society and Culture 2014Vol 40 1 36 40 [Crossref]
61. Oyēwùmí O. G. G. D. a. S. Nair"Colonizing Bodies and Minds" Postcolonialisms: an anthology of cultural theory and criticism 2005
62. Pakenham T. The Scramble for Africa: The White Man’s Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876 to 1912 1992 New York Avon Books
63. Parikh S. A."“The political economy of marriage and hiv: the abc approach, ‘safe’ infidelity, and managing moral risk in Uganda”" American journal of public health 2007Vol 97 7 1198 [Crossref]
64. Parkhurst J. O."“The Ugandan success story? Evidence and claims of hiv-1 prevention”" The Lancet 2002Vol 360 9326 78 80 [Crossref]
65. Pateman C. The sexual contract 1988 Stanford University Press
66. Pateman C. The disorder of women: Democracy, feminism and political theory 1989 Stanford University Press
67. Plant R."The pink triangle" The nazi war against homosexuals 1986 New York NY Henry Holt and Company
68. Richardson D."“Sexuality and citizenship”" Sociology 1998Vol 32 1 83 100 [Crossref]
69. Richardson D."“Constructing sexual citizenship: theorizing sexual rights”" Critical Social Policy 2000
70. Richardson E. H., Turner B. S."“Sexual, intimate or reproductive citizenship?”" Citizenship studies 2001Vol 5 3 329 338 [Crossref]
71. Robson R., Kessler T."“Unsettling sexual citizenship”" McGill LJ 2008Vol 53 535 807
72. Russell T."“The color of discipline: Civil rights and black sexuality”" American Quarterly 2008Vol 60 1 101 128 [Crossref]
73. Sadgrove J., Vanderbeck R. M., Andersson J., Valentine G., Ward K."“Morality plays and money matters: towards a situated understanding of the politics of homosexuality in Uganda”" The Journal of Modern African Studies 2012Vol 50 103 129 [Crossref]
74. Seidman S."“From identity to queer politics: Shifts in normative heterosexuality and the meaning of citizenship”" Citizenship Studies 2001Vol 5 3 321 328 [Crossref]
75. Uganda Human Rights Commission Receives an Offical Petition from smug 2005 smug
76. Expanded Criminalisation of Homosexuality in Uganda: A Flawed Narrative 2014a (retrieved from ). smug
77. From Torment to Tyranny: Enhanced Persecution in Uganda Following the Passage of the Anti-Homosexuality Act 2014 2014b smug
78. Somerville S. B."“Notes toward a queer history of naturalization”" American quarterly 2005Vol 57 3 659 675 [Crossref]
79. Stoler A. L. Race and the education of desire: Foucault’s History of sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things 1995 Duke University Press Books
80. Stoler A. L."“Making Empire Respectable; The Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in Twentieth-Century Colonial Cultures”" Cultural Politics 1997Vol 11 344 373
81. Stoler A. L. Carnal knowledge and imperial power: race and the intimate in colonial rule 2002 Berkeley, CA University of California Press
82. Tamale S."“A human rights impact assessment of the Ugandan Anti-homosexuality Bill 2009”" Equal Rights Review 2009Vol 4 49-57
83. Thoreson R. R."“Troubling the waters of a ‘wave of homophobia’: Political economies of anti-queer animus in sub-Saharan Africa”" Sexualities 2014Vol 17 1/2 23 42 [Crossref]
84. Timberg C. Uganda’s Early Gains Against hiv Eroding, The Washington Post 2007 Retrieved from .
85. Tripp A. M."“Women’s movements, customary law, and land rights in Africa: the case of Uganda”" African Studies Quarterly 2004Vol 7 4 1 19
86. Turner B. S. The body and society: Explorations in social theory 2008 Sage
87. Uganda Penal Code Act World Intellectual Property Organization 1950

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Comparative Sociology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation