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Muslim Values in Islamic and Non-Islamic Societies

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AbstractValues are conceptions of the desirable in various domains of life. This study tests the hypotheses that (1) when Muslims are a minority living in a non-Islamic society (e.g., India, Singapore, Uganda), their values are more similar to those of the non-Muslim majority religion in their society than to those of Muslims in Muslim-majority Islamic societies (e.g., Iran, Morocco, Pakistan); and (2) this tendency toward value assimilation is more pronounced when the Muslim minority is socially included, rather than excluded, by the non-Muslim majority. Data from representative samples of the population of nine Muslim-majority societies and nine Muslim-minority societies in the 2000 (fourth) wave of the World Values Surveys are used to construct scales for three domains of cultural values: religious values, family values, and gender values, and measures of social exclusion. The findings largely confirm hypothesis 1 and lend some support to hypothesis 2.

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31. FN0 *) I am indebted to Dr. Josefina F. Reynes for her help in data acquisition and analysis.
32. FN1 1)My criterion for classifying a society as “non-Islamic” is that Muslims are the minority religion. Bosnia-Herzegovina poses a difficulty for this criterion. Estimates of the proportion of the population that is Muslim vary across sources. The mean is 50% Muslim, which I shall use. This is somewhat larger than the 48% for the combined Orthodox and Catholic religions. Thus, while it is arguable whether Muslims are the minority religion in Bosnia-Herzegovina, I classify that society as non-Islamic because Muslims are not the vast majority of the population (from 85% to 99%) that they are in the nine societies I classify as Islamic.
33. FN2 2)The eta 2scores for Muslims in a given non-Islamic society compared with each Islamic society, one by one, are not shown in table 4, but are available on request from the author.
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/content/journals/10.1163/156913310x502842
2012-01-01
2015-08-04

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology, Brown University Providence, RI 02912 USA, Email: Robert_Marsh@Brown.edu, URL: http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink

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