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HIV/AIDS and Economic Development: Evidence from Thirty-Nine Sub-Saharan Countries

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This paper (1) examines whether there is a bilateral relationship between HIV/AIDS and economic development; (2) estimates the impact of HIV/AIDS on economic development; and (3) identifies some of the factors affecting the spread of HIV/AIDS. Analyses are based on data from 39 sub-Saharan African countries for the period 1989-1998. HIV/AIDS negatively impacted economic development, with no evidence of a reciprocal relation. Expenditures on health and education as well as political freedom had positive impacts on development, but negative impacts on HIV/AIDS incidence. Expenditures on female education impacted development and HIV/AIDS incidence.

Affiliations: 1: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop K-50, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA;, Email:; 2: School of Economics, Political and Policy Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA;, Email:


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