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Sustainability Development-Eco-revolutionary Paradigms from Binary to Continuum Constructs

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For more content, please see Journal of Developing Societies.

Sustainable development and eco-revolution represent competing paradigms of progress, one emphasizing reform while the other emphasizes revolution with respect to an economy that is sustained by a restorative ecology. The first paradigm contends that a regenerative economy and restorative ecology are achievable only by a series of reforms while the second paradigm contends that the desired economy and ecology are achievable only via abrupt and decisive revolutionary change. This article argues that between the binary paradigmatic heuristic, there is a series or a parliament of possibilities between the two poles.

Affiliations: 1: University of Toledo UH 2370, 2801 Bancroft, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390, Email:


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