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Motivation for Achievement and Structural Workplace Empowerment among Palestinian Healthcare Professionals

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AbstractThis study tests Kanter’s theory of structural workplace empowerment. It maintains that previous research that attempted to do so failed to account for the effect of an important personal characteristic—i.e. employees’ achievement motivation. This body of research also failed to uncover the mechanisms by which personal characteristics of employees influence their perceived empowerment. Data was collected from a sample of 154 hospital nurses, in two major Palestinian hospitals, through a survey design and self-administered questionnaire. The results of multivariate regression analyses and path-analysis indicate that perceived empowerment is indirectly influenced by personal factors (including educational qualifications, experience, position, and motivation towards achievement) through more direct structural determinants (access to formal and informal lines of power). More significantly, motivation has a direct—albeit weak—impact on perceived empowerment, after the effects of the more proximate structural determinants are controlled for.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Sociology and AnthropologyBirzeit; 2: School of NursingUniversity of Maine


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