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The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Preventing Election-Related Violence in Kenya, 2013

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AbstractLeading up to the Kenyan presidential elections of 2013, observers around the world were preoccupied by the potential for mass violence similar to that which erupted following the 2007 presidential election. Yet, the 2013 elections were largely unmarred by violence. A notable characteristic of the Kenyan 2013 elections was the use of information and communications technologies (ICT) in various public and private efforts to address the threat of violence related to the elections. In our exploration of how ICT contributed to the mitigation of election-related violence in the 2013 Kenyan elections, we find useful the models of violence as contagion and collective efficacy as essential for violence prevention.

Affiliations: 1: Occidental College, Department of Diplomacy and World Affairs Email: ; 2: Johns Hopkins University, School for Advanced International Studies ; 3: University of Southern California, Program in Public Diplomacy ; 4: Occidental College, Department of Diplomacy and World Affairs


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