Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Global Networks and the Two Faces of Chinese National Oil Companies

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
For more content, please see Journal of Developing Societies.

This paper investigates the patterns of transnational investments and alliances of Chinese state-owned oil companies since the mid-1990s and the social networks of their directors, taking the case of cnpc and its listed subsidiary PetroChina as the example. Using Social Network Analysis, I will map how the oil companies and their directors are embedded in corporate and political networks both inside and outside China. The preliminary findings presented in this study show that with their overseas expansion, cnpc and PetroChina increasingly collaborate with other oil companies. Significantly, also forming what I have called ‘hybrid alliances’ with Western private oil majors. However, they remain wedded to a different role at home, where they are expected to adhere to priorities and values tightly knit to the state, such as supply security and social responsibilities. This duality is mirrored by the Chinese oil company directors who must maintain a balancing act between their ‘two faces’ of corporate managers, on the one hand, and commitments to party-state interests, on the other.

Affiliations: 1: VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science and Public Administrationn.a.de.graaff@vu.nl

10.1163/15691497-12341317
/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341317
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341317
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Al-Tamimi Naser M. China Saudi-Arabia Relations, 1990-2012, Marriage of Convenience or Strategic Alliance? 2014 Oxon and New York Routledge
2. Alves Ana Cristina "‘Chinese Economic Statecraft: A Comparative Study of China’s Oil- backed Loans in Angola and Brazil.’" Journal of Current Chinese Affairs 2013 Vol 42 1 99 130
3. Alterman Jon , Garver John The Vital Triangle: China, the United States, and the Middle East 2008 Washington, D.C. Center for Strategic and International Studies Press
4. Andrews-Speed Philip Energy Policy and Regulation in China 2004 The Hague Kluwer Law International
5. Andrews-Speed Philip , Dannreuther Ronald China, Oil and Global Politics 2011 London Routledge
6. Borgatti Stephen P. , Everett Martin G. , Freeman Lin C. Ucinet for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis 2002 Harvard, MA Analytic Technologies
7. bp "‘ bpStatistical Review of World Energy June 2012.’" British Petroleum June 2012 Retrieved 12 December 2013:
8. bp "‘ bpStatistical Review of World Energy June 2013.’" British Petroleum June 2013 Retrieved 17 March 2014:
9. Bremmer Ian "‘The Return of State Capitalism.’" Survival 2008 Vol 50 3 55 64 [Crossref]
10. Bremmer Ian "‘State Capitalism Comes of Age. The End of the Free Market?’" Foreign Affairs 2009 Vol 88 3 40 56
11. Breslin Shaun "“The ‘China model’ and the Global Crisis: From Friedrich List to a Chinese Mode of Governance?’" International Affairs 2011 Vol 87 6 1323 1343 [Crossref]
12. Burris Val An Internet Guide to Power Structure Research 2012 Retrieved 13 November 2013:
13. Calabrese John "‘The Consolidation of Gulf-Asia Relations: Washington Tuned In or Out of Touch?’" Middle East Institute Policy Brief 2009 (June) No. 25
14. Carmody Pádraig , Taylor Ian "‘Flexigemony and Force in China’s Resource Diplomacy in Africa: Sudan and Zambia Compared.’" Geopolitics 2010 Vol 15 3 495 515 [Crossref]
15. Carroll William K. , Fennema Meindert "‘Is there a Transnational Business Community?’" International Sociology 2002 Vol 17 3 393 419 [Crossref]
16. Carroll William K. , C. Carson "‘The Network of Global Corporations and Elite Policy Groups: A Structure for Transnational Capitalist Class Formation?”" Global Networks 2003 Vol 3 1 29 57 [Crossref]
17. Carroll William K. The Making of a Transnational Capitalist Class: Corporate Power in the 21st Century 2010 London and New York Zed Books
18. Carroll William K. , Fennema Meindert , Heemskerk Eelke M. "‘Constituting Corporate Europe: A Study of Elite Social Organization.’" Antipode 2010 Vol 42 4 811 43 [Crossref]
19. Dannreuther Ronald "‘China and Global Oil: Vulnerability and Opportunity.’" International Affairs 2011 Vol 87 6 1345 1364 [Crossref]
20. Gold Thomas , Guthrie Doug , Wank David L. Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture, and the Changing Nature of Guanxi 2002 Cambridge Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
21. De Graaff Nana "‘A Global Energy Network? The Expansion and Integration of Non-Triad National Oil Companies.’" Global Networks 2011 Vol 11 2 262 283 [Crossref]
22. De Graaff Nana "‘Oil Elite Networks in a Transforming Global Oil Market.’" International Journal of Comparative Sociology 2012 Vol 53 4 275 297 [Crossref]
23. De Graaff Nana Towards a Hybrid Global Energy Order. State-owned Oil Companies, Corporate Elite Networks, and Governance 2013 Amsterdam VU University Unpublished PhD manuscript
24. De Sá Jose "‘Global Refining. Fueling profitability in the turbulent times ahead.’" Bain & Company 2012 Retrieved 20 December 2012:
25. Dittmer Lowell , Wu Yu-Shan "‘The Modernization of Factionalism in Chinese Politics.’" World Politics 1995 Vol 47 4 467 494 [Crossref]
26. Domhoff William G. Who Rules America? 1967 Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice Hall
27. Domhoff William G. Who Rules America? Challenges to Corporate and Class Dominance 2009 New York McGraw-Hill
28. Downs Erica "‘The Fact and Fiction of Sino-African Energy Relations.’" China Security 2007a Vol 3 8 42 69 no. 2
29. Downs Erica "‘China’s Quest for Overseas Oil.’" Far Eastern Economic Review 2007b 52 56 (September 2007)
30. Downs Erica Cheng L. "‘Business Interest Groups in Chinese Politics: The Case of the Oil Companies.’" China’s Changing Political Landscape. Prospects for Democracy 2008 Washington The Brookings Institution 121 141
31. Energy Intelligence Group The Energy Intelligence Top 100: Ranking the World’s Oil Companies 2008 UK Energy Intelligence Group, Inc.
32. Fennema Meindert International Networks of Banks and Industry 1982 The Hague Martinus Nijhoff Publishers [Crossref]
33. Heemskerk Eelke M. "‘The Social Field of the European Corporate Elite: A Network Analysis of Interlocking Directorates Among Europe’s Largest Corporate Boards.’" Global Networks 2011 Vol 11 4 440 460 [Crossref]
34. Heemskerk Eelke M. "‘The Rise of the European Corporate Elite: Evidence from the Network of Interlocking Directorates in 2005 and 2010.’" Economy and Society 2013 Vol 42 1 74 101 [Crossref]
35. Holslag Jonathan "‘China’s New Mercantilism in Central Africa.’" African and Asian Studies 2006 Vol Vol. 5 2 133 169 [Crossref]
36. iea World Energy Outlook 2011. International Energy Agency 2011 Paris
37. Jiang Binbin Victor David G. , Hults David R. , Thurber Mark C. "‘China National Petroleum Corporation ( cnpc): A Balancing Act Between Enterprise and Government.’" Oil and Governance. State-owned Enterprise and the World Energy Supply 2012 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
38. Jiang Julie , Sinton Jonathan Overseas Investments by Chinese Oil Companies. Assessing Drivers and Impact 2011 Paris oecd/ ieaInformation Paper, February 2011 [Crossref]
39. Kentor Jeffrey , Jang Yong Suk "‘Yes, there is a (Growing) Transnational Business Community. A Study of Global Interlocking Directorates 1983-1998.’" International Sociology 2004 Vol 19 3 355 368 [Crossref]
40. Kong Bo China’s International Petroleum Policy 2010 Santa Barbara Greenwood Publishing Group
41. Kong Bo "‘Governing China’s Energy in the Context of Global Governance.’" Global Policy 2011 2 51 65 [Crossref]
42. McNally Christopher A. "‘Sino-Capitalism. China’s Re-Emergence and the International Political Economy.’" World Politics 2012 Vol 64 741 766 doi:10.1017/S0043887112000202 [Crossref]
43. Meyer Henri "‘Saudis Tighten China Energy Ties to Reduce u.s.Dependence.’" Bloomberg News 2010 19 April 2010
44. Moyo Dambisa Winner Take All. China’s Race for Resources and What it Means for Us 2012 New York Basic Books
45. Nollert, M. "‘Transnational Corporate Ties: A Synopsis of Theories and Empirical Findings.’" Journal of World Systems Research 2005 Vol 11 2 289 314
46. Peverelli Peter , et al "‘Extending Network Analysis with Social Inclusions: A Chinese Entrepreneur Building Social Capital.’" Frontiers of Business Research in China 2011 Vol 5 1 121 143 [Crossref]
47. Pye Lucian "‘Factions and the Politics of Guanxi: Paradoxes in Chinese Administrative and Political Behaviour.’" The China Journal 1995 Vol 35 35 53 [Crossref]
48. Scott John Social Network Analysis. A Handbook 1991a London, Newbury Park, New Dehli Sage Publications
49. Scott John "‘Networks of Corporate Power: A Comparative Assessment.’" Annual Review of Sociology 1991b Vol 17 181 203 [Crossref]
50. Scott John , Carrington Peter J. The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis 2011 London Sage
51. Shih Victor Factions and Finance in China: Elite Conflict and Inflation 2008 Cambridge University Press
52. Tsou Tang "‘Chinese Politics at the Top: Factionalism or Informal Politics? Balance-of-Power of a Game to Win All?’" The China Journal 1995 Vol 34 95 156 [Crossref]
53. Van Apeldoorn Bastiaan Transnational Capitalism and the Struggle over European Integration 2002 London and New York Routledge [Crossref]
54. Van Apeldoorn Bastiaan , De Graaff Nana "‘Corporate Elite Networks and usPost-Cold War Grand Strategy from Clinton to Obama.’" European Journal of International Relations 2014 Vol 20 1 29 55 [Crossref]
55. Van der Pijl Kees Transnational Classes and International Relations 1998 London and New York Routledge
56. Wank David L. Commodifying Communism: Business, Trust, and Politics in a Chinese City 1999 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
57. Wasserman Stanley , Faust Katherine Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications 1994 Cambridge, New York, Melbourne Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
58. Whyte Martin K. "‘The Social Roots of China’s Economic Development.’" The China Quarterly 1995 Vol 144 999 1019 [Crossref]
59. Xin Katherine , Pearce Jone L. "‘Guanxi: Connections as Substitutes for Formal Institutional Support.’" Academy of Management Journal 1996 Vol 39 6 1641 1658 [Crossref]
60. Zweig David , Jianhai Bi "‘China’s Global Hunt for Energy.’" Foreign Affairs 2005 Vol 84 5 23 38 [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341317
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341317
2014-10-08
2018-09-25

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Perspectives on Global Development and Technology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation