Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Microloans and Women’s Freedom of Physical Mobility: Evidence from India

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
For more content, please see Journal of Developing Societies.

Earlier studies in India have documented both positive and negative effects of microloans on women; however, most of the studies have been qualitative in nature or geographically limited and have largely ignored sociocultural variations in the country that might influence the effectiveness of microloan programs. The present study uses nationally representative data from India, from the third wave of the National Family Health Survey (nfhs-3), and logistic regression to examine if getting a microloan affects women’s access to spaces outside their home, and whether this effect varies by the prevailing gender norms in their respective communities. The sample consists of 37,003 women aged 18-49 who were “usual residents” and knew about microloan programs in their communities. Results of the analysis indicate that the likelihood of full mobility (i.e., being allowed to go alone to the market, health facilities, and places outside the community) is higher for women who had taken a microloan, even after controlling for the effects of other individual-level and community-level predictors. Results also indicate that the microloan effect on women’s mobility does not differ by the normative context of their respective communities.

Affiliations: 1: University of North Texasswati.singh@unt.edu; 2: University of North Texascynthia.cready@unt.edu

10.1163/15691497-12341349
/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341349
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341349
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Bali Swain Ranjula "Microfinance and Women’s empowerment: evidence from the self help group bank linkage program in India" 2006 Stockholm Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
2. Bali Swain Ranjula , Wallentin Fan Yang "“Factors empowering women in Indian self-help group programs”" International Review of Applied Economics 2012 Vol 26 4 425 444 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02692171.2011.595398
3. Basargekar Prema "“Measuring effectiveness of social capital in microfinance: A case study of urban microfinance program in India”" International Journal of Social Inquiry 2010 Vol 3 2 25 43
4. Shelah Bloom , David Wypij , Gupta Monica "“Dimensions of women’s autonomy and the influence on maternal health care utilization in a north Indian city”" Demography 2001 Vol 38 1 67 78 http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dem.2001.0001
5. Bose Sunita "“The effect of women’s status and community on the gender differential in children’s nutrition in India”" J Biosoc Sci. 2011 Vol 43 5 513 533 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002193201100006X
6. Bourdieu Pierre Nice Richard The logic of practice 1990 California Stanford University Press
7. Bourdieu Pierre , Wacquant Loic An invitation to reflexive sociology 1992 Chicago University of Chicago Press
8. Bragee Ingrid "Perceptions of empowerment: A minor field study of the concept discrepancy between the dominating development discourse and the reality of women in microcredit groups" 2006 Retrieved on May 19, 2014 .
9. Colley Helen "“Engagement mentoring for socially excluded youth: problematising an’holistic’approach to creating employability through the transformation of habitus”" British journal of guidance and counselling 2003 Vol 31 1 77 99 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0306988031000086189
10. Derné Steve "“Hindu men talk about controlling women: Cultural ideas as a tool of the powerful.”" Sociological Perspectives 1994 Vol 37 2 203 227 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1389320
11. Desai Sonalde , Andrist Lester "“Gender scripts and age at marriage in India”" Demography 2010 Vol 47 3 667 687 http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dem.0.0118
12. Deshpanda Rani , Burjorjee Deena "“Increasing Access and Benefits for Women: Practices and innovations among microfinance institutions—Survey Results”" United Nations Capital Development Fund ( uncdf) 2002 New York
13. D’Espallier Bert , Guérin Isabelle , Mersland Roy "“Women and Repayment in Microfinance: A Global Analysis”" World Development 2011 Vol 39 5 758 772 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.10.008
14. Dyson Tim , Moore Mick "“On kinship structure, female autonomy, and demographic behavior in India”" Population and Development Review 1983 Vol 9 1 35 60 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1972894
15. Feldman Shelley "“Shame and honour: The violence of gendered norms under conditions of global crisis”" Women’s Studies International Forum 2010 Vol 33 4 305 315 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2010.02.004
16. Gaiha Raghav , Nandhi Mani Jha Raghbendra "“Microfinance, self-help groups and empowerment in Maharashtra”" The Indian economy sixty years after independence 2009 London Palgrave Macmillan 179 199
17. Garikipati Supriya "“The impact of lending to women on household vulnerability and women’s empowerment: evidence from India”" World Development 2008 Vol 36 12 2620 2642 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.11.008
18. Goetz Anne , Gupta Rina "“Who takes the credit? Gender, power, and control over loan use in rural credit programs in Bangladesh”" World Development 1996 Vol 24 1 45 63 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(95)00124-U
19. Goodkind Daniel "“On substituting sex preference strategies in East Asia: Does prenatal sex selection reduce postnatal discrimination?”" Population and Development Review 1996 Vol 22 1 111 125 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2137689
20. Grace Daphne "“Women’s Space “Inside the Haveli”: Incarceration or Insurrection?”" Journal of International Women’s Studies 2003 Vol 4 2 60 75
21. Gupta Kamla , Yesudian Princy "“Evidence of women’s empowerment in India: A study of socio-spatial disparities”" GeoJournal 2006 Vol 65 4 365 380 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10708-006-7556-z
22. Haase Dwight "“Revolution, Interrupted: Gender and Microfinance in Nicaragua”" Critical Sociology 2012 Vol 38 2 221 240 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0896920511404443
23. Hanson Susan "“Gender and mobility: new approaches for informing sustainability”" Gender, Place and Culture 2010 Vol 17 1 5 23 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09663690903498225
24. Hashemi Syed , Schuler Sidney , Riley Ann "“Rural credit programs and women’s empowerment in Bangladesh”" World Development 1996 Vol 24 4 635 653 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(95)00159-A
25. Holvoet Nathalie "“The impact of microfinance on decision‐making agency: evidence from South India.”" Development and Change 2005 Vol 36 1 75 102 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0012-155X.2005.00403.x
26. Jejeebhoy Shireen "“Wife-beating in rural India: a husband’s right? Evidence from survey data”" Economic and Political Weekly 1998 Vol 33 15 855 862
27. Jejeebhoy Shireen "“Convergence and divergence in spouses’ perspectives on women’s autonomy in rural India”" Studies in Family Planning 2002 Vol 33 4 299 308 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4465.2002.00299.x
28. Kabeer Naila "“ ‘Money can’t buy me love’? Re-evaluating gender, credit and empowerment in rural Bangladesh”" Discussion Paper-Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex (United Kingdom) 1998
29. Kabeer Naila "“Conflicts over credit: re-evaluating the empowerment potential of loans to women in rural Bangladesh”" World Development 2001 Vol 29 1 63 84 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(00)00081-4
30. Kabeer Naila "“Is microfinance a’magic bullet’for women’s empowerment? Analysis of Findings from South Asia”" Economic and Political Weekly 2005 Vol 40 44-45 4709 4718
31. Kannan Prasanna "“Who are the micro financiers?”" 2009 Retrieved May 4, 2014.
32. Kishor Sunita , Gupta Kamla "“Women’s empowerment in India and its states: evidence from the nfhs”" Economic and Political Weekly 2004 Vol 39 7 694 712
33. Koenig Michael , Ahmed Saifuddin , Hossain Mian Bazie , Mozumder A.B.M. Khorshed Alam "“Women’s status and domestic violence in rural Bangladesh: individual-and community-level effects”" Demography 2003 Vol 40 2 269 288 http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dem.2003.0014
34. Koenig Michael , Stephenson Rob , Ahmed Saifuddin , Jejeebhoy Shireen , Campbell Jacquelyn "“Individual and contextual determinants of domestic violence in North India”" American Journal of Public Health 2006 Vol 96 1 132 138 http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2004.050872
35. Krishnan C. "“Role of Microfinance in Women Empowerment: A Study of Selected Experiments in Kerala”" The Microfinance Review 2009 Vol 1 1 84 99
36. Larance Lisa Young "“Fostering social capital through ngodesign Grameen Bank membership in Bangladesh”" International Social Work 2001 Vol 44 1 7 18 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002087280104400102
37. Leach Fiona , Sitaram Shashikala "“Microfinance and women’s empowerment: a lesson from India”" Development in Practice 2002 Vol 12 5 575 588 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0961452022000017597
38. Maes Jan , Reed Larry "State of the microcredit summit campaign report 2012" Microcredit Summit Campaign 2012
39. Martin Karin "“Becoming a gendered body: Practices of preschools”" American Sociological Review 1998 Vol 63 4 494 511 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2657264
40. Mayoux Linda "“The magic ingredient? Microfinance and women’s empowerment”" A briefing paper prepared for the Micro Credit Summit, Washington 1997
41. McNay Lois "“Gender, Habitus and the Field Pierre Bourdieu and the Limits of Reflexivity”" Theory, Culture & Society 1999 Vol 16 1 95 117 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327699016001007
42. Mogford Elizabath "“When status hurts: Dimensions of women’s status and domestic abuse in rural Northern India”" Violence against women 2011 Vol 17 7 835 857 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801211412545
43. Mohindra K. "A report on women Self Help Groups ( shgs) in Kerala state, India: a public health perspective" Université De MontréAl. Mar 2003
44. Morduch Jonathan "“The microfinance promise”" Journal of economic literature 1999 Vol 37 4 1569 1614 http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/jel.37.4.1569
45. Morduch Jonathan "“The microfinance schism”" World Development 2000 Vol 28 4 617 629 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(99)00151-5
46. Parikh Indira , Garg Pulin Indian women: an inner dialogue 1989 New Delhi Sage
47. Puhazhendhi Venugopalan Microfinance India: State of the Sector Report 2012 2013 Sage Publications India
48. Rahman Aminur "“Micro-credit initiatives for equitable and sustainable development: Who pays?”" World Development 1999 Vol 27 1 67 82 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00105-3
49. Rahman Lupin , Rao Vijayendra "“The determinants of gender equity in India: examining Dyson and Moore’s thesis with new data”" Population and Development Review 2004 Vol 30 2 239 268 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2004.012_1.x
50. Rahman Sayma , Junankar P. , Mallik Girijasankar "“Factors influencing women’s empowerment on microcredit borrowers: a case study in Bangladesh”" Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 2009 Vol 14 3 287 303 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13547860902975648
51. Rajagopalan Shashi Burra Neera , Deshmukh-Ranadive Joy , Murthy Ranjani K. "“Micro-credit and Women’s Empowerment: The Lokadrusti Case”" Micro credit, poverty and Empowerment Sage Publication 245 285
52. Rankin Katherine "“Social capital, microfinance, and the politics of development”" Feminist Economics 2002 Vol 8 1 1 24 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13545700210125167
53. Reddy C. , Prakash L. Status of shgfederations in Andhra Pradesh 2003 Paper presented at the shgFederation Workshop organized by nipccdand coordinated by Sa-Dhan
54. Reed Larry "Resilience The State of the Microcredit Summit Campaign Report 2014" 2014 Washington, DC
55. Registrar General, I. "Census of India 2011: provisional population totals-India data sheet" Office of the Registrar General Census Commissioner, India. Indian Census Bureau 2011
56. Rutstein Shea , Johnson Kiersten " The dhswealth index " 2004 Maryland ORC Macro dhsComparative Reports No. 6. Calverton
57. Sachs Jeffrey , McArthur J.W. "“The millennium project: a plan for meeting the millennium development goals”" The Lancet 2005 Vol 365 9456 347 353 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)70201-4
58. Sanyal Paromita "“From credit to collective action: The role of microfinance in promoting women’s social capital and normative influence”" American Sociological Review 2009 Vol 74 4 529 550 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/000312240907400402
59. Sarker Debnarayan , Sudipta Dey "“Impact of microcredit programs on women empowerment: an empirical study in West Bengal”" The Microfinance Review 2010 Vol 2 1 46 67 sidbi. 2008. Assessing Development Impact of Microfinance Programs: Findings and Policy Implications from a National Study of Indian Microfinance Sector. Agricultural Finance Corporation India Limited: sidbi.
60. Singh Prashant "“Trends in child immunization across geographical regions in India: focus on urban-rural and gender differentials”" PloS one 2013 Vol 8 9 e73102 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/annotation/049f74d0-919f-483c-a488-4740ec0a5f4d
61. Singh Swati "The effects of microfinance programs on women members in traditional societies" Gender, Place & Culture 2014 1 17 (ahead-of-print)
62. Sinha Frances "State of microfinance in India" Prepared for Institute of Microfinance (InM) as Part of the Project on State of Microfinance in saarcCountries 2009
63. Spajn Daphne "“Gendered spaces and women’s status”" Sociological Theory 1993 Vol 11 2 137 151 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/202139
64. Srinivasan N. Microfinance India: State of the Sector Report 2009 2010 SAGE Publications India
65. Wilson-Williams Lyndsey , Stephenson Rob , Juvekar Sanjay , Andes Karen "“Domestic violence and contraceptive use in a rural Indian village”" Violence Against Women 2008 Vol 14 10 1181 1198 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801208323793
66. Zohir Sajjad , Matin Imran "“Wider impacts of microfinance institutions: issues and concepts”" Journal of International Development 2004 Vol 16 3 301 330 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jid.1080
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341349
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15691497-12341349
2015-03-02
2017-11-24

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Perspectives on Global Development and Technology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation