Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Myth of the Informal Sector: A Study on the Sexual Harassment of Female Adolescents in Four Motor Garages in Ilorin, Nigeria

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

For more content, please see Journal of Developing Societies.

This study investigates the vulnerability of the female adolescent to sexual harassment in motor garages in Ilorin, Nigeria. While informal organizations such as motor garages remain the stronghold of the economy in Ilorin, they also provide fertile-grounds for sexual harassment of female adolescents. This study explored the patterns, perceptions, and experiences of female adolescent hawkers who experienced sexual harassment in four selected motor garages in Ilorin, Nigeria. Data for this study was gathered using semi-structured, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. The study found that sexual harassment of female adolescents in motor garages in Ilorin was pervasive, widespread, and alarming. All participants disclosed they had experienced some forms of sexual harassment in their day-to-day activities. However, perceptions about the severity of the sexual harassment vary from early, middle to late adolescents interviewed. Although, none of the participants disclosed being raped, some revealed that some of their friends had been victims of rape. This study recommends measures to minimize sexual harassment in informal organizations such as motor garages in Ilorin.

Affiliations: 1: University of KwaZulu Natal ; 2: University of KwaZulu Natal ; 3: University of IlorinNigeria


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abdullahi Ali Arazeem, Adekeye Deborah Shade, Solomon Balogun Obasanjo 2014"“A ‘Nation’ in Wilderness: Youth and Insurgency in Nigeria”" South African Sociological ReviewVol 45 2 78 96 [Crossref]
2. Abe Iyabo 2012"“Defining and Awareness of Sexual Harassment among Selected University Students in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria”" Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy StudiesVol 3 3 212 218
3. Adejumo Gbadebo Olubunmi, Azuh Dominic 2013"“Patterns of Workplace Violence among Women in Informal Sector in South West, Nigeria”" International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities ReviewsVol 4 1 9 13
4. Ahmed Y.A. 2013"“Urban Traffic Dilemma and Potential Remedy: Example from Ilorin City, Nigeria”" African Research ReviewVol 7 1 261 270
5. Ajuwon Ademola, Olley Benjamin Oladapo, Akin-Jimoh Iwalola, Akintola Olagoke 2001"“Experience of sexual coercion among adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria”" African Journal of Reproductive HealthVol 5 3 120 131 [Crossref]
6. Akanle Florence Foluso 2011"“Sexual Coercion of Adolescent Girls in Yoruba Land of Nigeria”" Current Research Journal of Social SciencesVol 3 2 132 138
7. Akarro Rocky R.J., Mtweve Nathan A. 2011"“Poverty and its association with child labour in Njombe District in Tanzania: The case of Igima Ward”" Current Research Journal of Social SciencesVol 3 3 199 206
8. Amma H., Baghdellah J., Kiondo E., Madhi M., Mwandyi E., Soko P. 2000 The Nature and Extent of Child Labour in Tanzania: A Baseline Study ILO-IPEC Tanzania
9. Aqil Zahid 2012"“Nexus between Poverty & Child Labour: Measuring the Impact of Poverty Alleviation on Child Labour”" Good Thinkers Organization for Human Development Kasur
10. Awosusi Omojola, Adebo Grace Modupe 2012"“Domestic Servants and Rural-Youth Urban Migration in Nigeria”" International Journal of Humanities and Social ScienceVol 2 5 271 278
11. Basu Kaushik, Van Pham Hoang 1998"“The Economics of Child Labor”" American Economic ReviewVol 88 3 412 427
12. Bernard Harvey Russell 2002 Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative methods 3rd Edition Walnut Creek, California AltaMira Press
13. Bhat B.A., Rather T.A. 2009"“Child labour in the handicrafts home industry in Kashmir: A sociological study”" International ngo JournalVol 4 9 391 400
14. Briere John N., Elliott Diana M. 1994"“Immediate and long-term impacts of child sexual abuse”" The Future of ChildrenVol 4 2 54 69 [Crossref]
15. Broman-Fulks Joshua J., Ruggiero Kenneth J., Hanson Rochelle F., Smith Daniel W., Resnick Heidi S., Kilpatrick Dean G., Saunders Benjamin E. 2007"“Sexual assault disclosure in relation to adolescent mental health: Results from the national survey of adolescents”" Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent PsychologyVol 36 2 260 266 [Crossref]
16. Bryman Alan 2001 Social Research Methods Oxford Oxford University Press
17. Chamberlain Lindsey J., Crowley Martha, Tope Daniel, Hodson Randy 2008"“Sexual harassment in organizational context”" Work & OccupationsVol 35 262 269 [Crossref]
18. Connell R. W., Messerschmidt James W. 2005"“Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept”" Gender & SocietyVol 19 829 859 [Crossref]
19. Cortina Lilia M., Berdahl Jennifer L. 2008"“Sexual Harassment in Organizations: A Decade of Research in Review”" 469 496 The Sage Handbook of Organizational Behavior Barling Julian, Cooper Cary L. London Sage
20. Dzeich E.R., Kainel J.B. 2010"Reactions to sexual harassment charges between North Americans and Brazilians, Sex Roles" A Journal of ResearchVol 39 1 913 925
21. Edmonds Eric V. 2005"“Does Child Labor Decline with Improving Economic Status?”" The Journal of Human ResourcesVol 40 1 77 99 [Crossref]
22. Fapohunda Tinuke Moradeke 2014"“Gender differences in perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace”" Global Journal of Management and BusinessVol 1 2 36 44
23. Fawole Olufunmilayo I., Ajuwon Ademola J., Osungbade Kayode O., Faweya Olufemi C. 2003"“Interventions for violence prevention among young female hawkers in motor parks in south-western Nigeria: A review of effectiveness”" African Journal of Reproductive HealthVol 7 1 71 82 [Crossref]
24. Fergusson David, Mullen Paul 1999 Childhood sexual abuse: An evidence based perspective London Sage Publications Ltd.
25. Frith Hannah 2000"“Focusing on sex: using focus groups in sex research”" SexualitiesVol 3 3 275 297 [Crossref]
26. Gilbert David, Guerrier Yvonne, Guy Jonathan 1998"“Sexual Harassment Issues in the Hospitality Industry”" International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality ManagementVol 10 2 48 53 [Crossref]
27. Goldman Juliette D. G., Padayachi Usha K. 2000"“Some methodological problems in estimating incidence and prevalence in child sexual abuse research”" The Journal of Sex ResearchVol 37 4 305 314 [Crossref]
28. Grant L. 1995"“Mexican Machismo and Working Women”" The San Francisco Examiner June 12
29. Gutek Barbara A. 1985 Sex and the workplace: Impact of sexual behavior and harassment on women, men and organizations San Francisco Jossey-Bass
30. Haruna Idris, Joseph Adaja, Samson Audu, Gabriel A. Aye 2016"“Analysis of the Causes and Effects of Sexual Harassment on the Performance of Female Employees in Some Selected Organizations in Kogi State, Nigeria”" International Journal of Democratic and Development StudiesVol 2 2 31 39
31. Hersch Joni 2015"“Sexual harassment in the workplace”" iza World of Labor 1 10 doi: 10.15185/izawol
32. International Labour Organization 2013 World Report on Child Labour, Economic vulnerability, social protection and the fight against child labour Geneva ILO
33. Joseph Janice 2015"“Sexual Harassment in Tertiary Institutions: A Comparative Perspective”" Temida 125 144 doi: 10.2298/TEM1502125H [Crossref]
34. Kendall-Tackett Kathleen A., Williams Linda Meyer, Finkelhor David 1993"“Impact of sexual abuse on children: A review and synthesis of recent empirical studies”" Psychological BulletinVol 113 164 180 [Crossref]
35. Kogan Steven M. 2004"“Disclosing unwanted sexual experiences: Results from a national sample of adolescent women”" Child Abuse & NeglectVol 28 2 147 165 [Crossref]
36. Larkin June 1994 Sexual harassment: High school girls speak out Toronto, ON Second Story Press
37. Langelan Martha J. 1993 Back off: how to confront and stop sexual harassment and harassers New York Simon & Schuster
38. Larsen H.B., Helweg-Larsen K. 2003"“Psychological problems in a sample of young persons who have been exposed to sexual abuse”" Nordisk PsykologiVol 55 79 93 [Crossref]
39. Micheal C. 2003"“The heath system must adapt to the needs of adolescents and their needs resides as much in prevention of medicine as they do in curative medicine”" Albert College of Medicine
40. Mossige S., Stefansen K. 2007 Violence and abuse of children and young people. A self-report study with high school seniors NOVA Report 20/07 Oslo Norwegian Social Research (NOVA)
41. Nauman B., Abbasi A.S. 2014"“Sexual Harassment at Workplace: A Case of Banking Sector in Lahore”" Middle-East Journal of Scientific ResearchVol 20 5 558 566
42. Nte Ngboawaji Daniel 2010"“The Urban Informal Sector and Workplace Insecurity for Women in Nigeria: vidence from Port Harcourt City”" Bangladesh e-Journal of SociologyVol 7 2 16 33
43. Ntozini Anathi N., Abdullahi Ali A. 2016"“Perceptions of Traditional Male Circumcision among University Male Students at a South African University”" Men and Masculinities 1 12 doi: 10.1177/1097184X16652657
44. Obadina T. 2006"“Myths about the informal sector”" Globalization Watch. Africa TodayVol 12 10
45. Obaji Philip 2016"“Nigerian Rapists Escape Punishment using money, influence—and Marriage”" The Guardian
46. Omokhodion F.O., Omokhodion Samuel I., Odusote T.O. 2006"“Perceptions of child labour among working children in Ibadan, Nigeria”" Child: Care, Health and DevelopmentVol 32 3 281 286 [Crossref]
47. Omonijo Dare O., Oliver Uche Onyekwere C., Nwadiafor Kanayo L., Rotimi Omolola A. 2013"“A Study of Sexual Harassment in Three Selected Private Faith-Based Universities, Ogun-State, South-West Nigeria”" Open Journal of Social Science ResearchVol 1 9 250 263 [Crossref]
48. Owuamanam D.O. 1995"“Youth: The age of contrast in human development”" The Fourth Inaugural Lecture of the Ondo State University, Ado-Ekiti September 22
49. Paolucci Elizabeth O., Genuis Mark L., Violato Claudio 2001"“A meta-analysis of the published research on the effects of child sexual abuse”" Journal of PsychologyVol 135 1 17 36 [Crossref]
50. Pryor John B. 1995"“The phenomenology of sexual harassment: Why does sexual behavior bother people in the workplace?”" Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and ResearchVol 47 3 160 168 [Crossref]
51. Reilly Timothy, Carpenter Sandra, Dul Valerie, Bartlett Kim, Brewer Marilynn B. 1982"“The Factorial Survey: An Approach to Defining Sexual Harassment on Campus”" Journal of Social IssuesVol 38 4 99 110 [Crossref]
52. Rena Ravinder 2009"“The Child Labour in Developing Countries: A Challenge to Millennium Development Goals”" Indus Journal of Management & Social SciencesVol 3 1 1 8
53. Sheffield G. 1987"“Rank, gender and house sexuality: Manoassa as a key to sexuality option”" 24 30 The sociology of sexuality Kaplan P. New York Gower Publishing Ltd.
54. Singh Mannat M., Parsekar Shradha S., Nair Sreekumaran N. 2014"“An Epidemiological Overview of Child Sexual Abuse”" Journal of Family Medicine and Primary CareVol 3 4 430 435 [Crossref]
55. Smit D., du Plessis V. 2011"“Sexual Harassment in the Education Sector”" Potchefstroomse Elektroniese RegsbladVol 14 6 173 217
56. Stein Rachel E. 2008"“Adolescent Sexual Victimization: Choice of Confidant and the Failure of Authorities”" Youth Violence and Juvenile JusticeVol 6 158 177 [Crossref]
57. Steinberg Laurence 2001"“We Know Some Things: Parent–Adolescent Relationships in Retrospect and Prospect”""Journal of Research in Adolescence"Vol 11 1 1 19
58. Tauson Michaelle 2009"“Child Labour in Latin America: Poverty as Cause and Effect. Topical Research Digest: Revisiting Human Rights in Latin America”" Topical Research Digest
59. United Nations General Assembly 2006 In-Depth Study on All Forms of Violence against Women: Report of the Secretary General A/61/122/Add. 1
60. United Nations Statistics Division 2000 The World’s Women 2000: Trends and Statistics United Nations
61. Vanguard 2012"“Rape: When Old Vice becomes New Monster”" Vanguard
62. World Health Organization 2002 World Report on Violence and Health Washington, DC World Health Organization

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Perspectives on Global Development and Technology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation