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From Occupy Wall Street to the Umbrella Movement: Leaderless Uprising Explained

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For more content, please see Journal of Developing Societies.

The series of uprising that swept from Wall Street in 2011 to Hong Kong in 2014 are described as embodying a “leaderless” form of organizing. With no centralized organizational structure, these contemporary movements are often thought to be a new form of politics that is far more participatory and spontaneous than the tradition of revolutionary communism inaugurated by the Bolsheviks in 1917. However, such a stark contrast suppresses the similarities between past and present revolts, and obscures how the experience of the former can still contribute to the latter.

Affiliations: 1: California State University Los Angeles


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