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Students' Academic Performance: An Interaction of Inputs from the Students, Schools, and Voters

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image of Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
For more content, please see Journal of Developing Societies.

This study proposes and tests a model affecting students' academic performance. We postulate that students' academic performance depends on the interaction of key factors associated with students, the schools, and the voters. The model incorporates variables such as the attendance rate, social and economic background of parents of the students, marital status of parents, expenditure per pupil that voters are willing to invest, proportion of school expenditure from local sources, and quality of teachers. Academic performance of students is measured by the percentage of total number of students passing all four parts of the proficiency test. The simultaneous-equations model is estimated by using data for 576 Ohio school districts. Our analysis suggests that an increased expenditure on education would improve the academic performance of the students. However, money alone is not sufficient. Our study implies that, along with the increased investment in education, a number of other socioeconomic variables need to be paid attention to. For example, an increase in the attendance rate of students can bring a substantial improvement in the academic performance of students. An improvement in attendance rate requires reduction in poverty and an increase in the percentage of families having two parents.


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