Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Not Being Oneself: A Critical Perspective on ‘Inauthenticity’ in Schizophrenia

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Phenomenological Psychology

The task of being oneself lies at the heart of human existence and entails the possibility of not being oneself. In the case of schizophrenia, this possibility may come to the fore in a disturbing way. Patients often report that they feel alienated from themselves. Therefore, it is perhaps unsurprising that schizophrenia sometimes has been described with the heideggerian notion of inauthenticity. The aim of this paper is to explore if this description is adequate. We discuss two phenomenological accounts of schizophrenia: Binswanger’s account of schizophrenia as a form of inauthenticity and Blankenburg’s account of schizophrenia as a loss of common sense, which seems construable as a loss of inauthenticity. We argue that the accounts are highlighting aspects of the same underlying phenomenon, viz. schizophrenic autism. Moreover, we argue that Binswanger’s description of schizophrenia as a form of inauthenticity is inadequate and we discuss experiences of self-alienation in schizophrenia.

Affiliations: 1: Mental Health Center Glostrup, University Hospital of Copenhagen ; 2: Center for Subjectivity Research, Mental Health Center Glostrup, University Hospital, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of CopenhagenDenmark


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Binswanger L. Fromm-Reichmann F., Moreno L.J."Existential Analysis and Psychotherapy"Progress in Psychotherapy1956New YorkGrune & Stratton144148
2. Binswanger L.Schizophrenie1957PfullingenVerlag Günther Neske
3. Binswanger L. Angel E. May R., Angel E., Ellenberger H.F."The Existential Analysis School of Thought"Existence. A New Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology1958aNew YorkBasic Books191213
4. Binswanger L. Mendel W.M., Lyons J. May R., Angel E., Ellenberger H.F."The Case of Ellen West"Existence. A New Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology1958bNew YorkBasic Books237364J.
5. Binswanger L. Cutting J. Cutting J., Shephard M."Extravagance, perverseness, manneristic behaviour and schizophrenia"The Clinical Roots of the Schizophrenia Concept1987CambridgeCambridge University Press8388M.
6. Binswanger L.Ausgewählthe Werke. Band 1: Formen mißglückten Daseins1992HeidelbergRoland Asanger
7. Blankenburg W. Mishara A.L."First steps toward a psychopathology of “common sense”" Philosophy, Psychiatry & Psycholology2001Vol Vol. 8303315
8. Bleuler E.Zur Theorie des schizophrenen Negativismus. Psychiatrisch-Neurologische Wochenschrift1910Vol Vol. 1218–21171176184187189191195198
9. Bleuler E. Zinkin J.Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias1950New YorkInternational University Press
10. Gadamer H.-G.Gesammelte Werte. Bd. 1. Hermeneutik: Wahrheit und Methode1990TübingenMohr Siebeck
11. Grøn A.Subjektivitet og negativitet1997KøbenhavnGyldendal
12. Guignon C.B. Guignon C.B."Authenticity, moral values and psychotherapy"The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger1993CambridgeCambridge University Press215239
13. Heidegger M. Macquarrie J., Robinson E.Being and Time2007OxfordBlackwell
14. Henriksen M.G."On incomprehensibility in schizophrenia"Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2013Vol Vol. 12105129
15. Henriksen M.G., Nordgaard J."Schizophrenia as a disorder of the self"Journal of Psychopathology2014Vol Vol. 20435441
16. Henriksen M.G., Nordgaard J. Stanghellini G., Aragona M."Self-disorders in schizophrenia"An Experiential Approach to Psychopathology. What is it like to suffer from Mental Disorders2016New YorkSpringer265280
17. Henriksen M.G., Parnas J."Clinical manifestations of self-disorders and the Gestalt of schizophrenia"Schizophrenia Bulletin 2012Vol Vol. 38657660
18. Henriksen M.G., Parnas J."Self-disorders and schizophrenia: A phenomenological reappraisal of poor insight and noncompliance"Schizophrenia Bulletin2014Vol Vol. 40542547
19. Henriksen M.G., Raballo A., Parnas J."The pathogenesis of auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia: a clinical-phenomenological account"Philosophy, Psychiatry & Psycholology2015Vol Vol. 223165181
20. Henriksen M.G., Škodlar B., Sass L.A., Parnas J."Autism and perplexity: A qualitative and theoretical study of basic subjective experiences in schizophrenia"Psychopathology 2010Vol Vol. 43357368
21. Jaspers K.Allgemeine Psychopathologie1973Berlin/HeidelbergSpringer
22. Jaspers K. Hoenig J., Hamilton M.W.General Psychopathology1997LondonJohn Hopkins University Press
23. Kierkegaard S. Hong H.V., Hong E.H.The Sickness unto Death1980Princeton, NJPrinceton University Press
24. Kierkegaard S. Hong H.V., Hong E.H.Concluding Unscientific Postscripts to ‘Philosophical Fragments’1992Princeton, NJPrinceton University Press
25. Laing R.D.The Divided Self. An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness1977LondonPenguin
26. Minkowski E.La Notion de Perte de Contact Vital avec la Réalité et ses Applications en Psychopathologie1926ParisJouve
27. Parnas J., Bovet P."Autism in schizophrenia revisited"Comprehensive Psychiatry1991Vol Vol. 32721
28. Parnas J., Handest P."Phenomenology of anomalous experiences in early schizophrenia"Comprehensive Psychiatry 2003Vol Vol. 44121134
29. Parnas J., Henriksen M.G."Disordered Self in the Schizophrenia Spectrum: A Clinical and Research Perspective"Harvard Review of Psychiatry2014Vol Vol. 22251265
30. Parnas J., Møller P., Kircher T., Thalbitzer J., Jansson L., Handest P., Zahavi D."ease: examination of anomalous self-experiences" Psychopathology2005Vol Vol. 38236258
31. Sartre J.P. Barnes H.E.Being and Nothingness2003LondonRoutledge
32. Sass L.A."Heidegger, schizophrenia and the ontological difference"Philosophical Psychology1992Vol Vol. 5109132
33. Searle J.R.The Rediscovery of the Mind1992CambridgeMIT Press
34. Sipiora M.P."Solicitude, discourse, and the unconscious: toward a heideggerian theory of therapy"Review of Existential Psychology & Psychiatry1988–1989Vol Vol. 113549
35. Theunissen M. Smith J.H."Kierkegaard’s Negativistic Method"Kierkegaard’s Truth: The Disclosure of the self. Psychiatry and the Humanities1981Vol vol.5New Haven/LondonYale University Press381423
36. Theunissen M. Harshav B., Illbruck H.Kierkegaard’s concept of despair2005Princeton, NJPrinceton University Press
37. Wittgenstein L. Paul D., Anscombe G.E.M.On certainty1972New YorkHarper & Row

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Phenomenological Psychology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation