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From the Return to Labriola to the Anti-Croce

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Philosophy, Praxis and Human Nature in Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks

image of Historical Materialism

Gramsci belonged in a tradition which stemmed from Antonio Labriola, not from Croce and idealist philosophy. This tradition saw Marxism as a philosophy of praxis, a new and original philosophy distinct from both idealism and materialism. Gramsci took his lead from Labriola but also further expanded upon the latter’s approach by seeking the fundamental concepts of the new philosophy in the Theses on Feuerbach. In particular, Gramsci recovered both the concept of praxis and the concept of human nature from the Theses. With the concept of human nature, he expanded even upon Marx’s formulation, by including the individual within it in a way that lays the foundation for modern social sciences based on the notion of the individual, which was, in Gramsci’s case, a socially-rich notion.

Affiliations: 1: alessandro.olsaretti@mail.mcgill.ca

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2016-12-02
2017-08-17

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