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The Feminization of Control: Female Militia and Social Order in Iran

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Abstract The purpose of this article is to analyze the evolution of the Women’s Basij Organization and its role in maintaining social order in Iran. This paper examines how and why the Islamic republic of Iran (IRI) uses female Basij members as agents of social control. During the past three decades, the IRI has recruited and indoctrinated a group of Iranian women through the Women’s Basij Organization, and has used these women to guard Islamic values and manners in Iranian society. In this way, female Basijis have been crucial to the Islamic Republic’s strategy to penetrate Iranian families and institutionalize social and political order in post-revolutionary Iran.

Affiliations: 1: Northwestern University The Buffett Center for International and Comparative Studies


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