Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Korea’s Soft Power as an Alternative Approach to Africa in Development Cooperation

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Beyond Economic Interest-led Perspectives of Korea-Africa Relations?

image of African and Asian Studies
For more content, see Journal of Asian and African Studies.

* The first version of this paper was presented at the Fifth European Conference on African Studies (ecas 5), which was held on June 27-29, 2013 at iscte-iul Lisboa, Portugal. I am deeply grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their very helpful comments on the previous drafts. This work was supported by Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund of 2014.The rise of China as an emergent global power in gaining access to energy and mineral resources is one of the main factors for reinforcing Korea’s aid to Africa. Although Korea recognizes the limits of searching for ways of furthering its ‘resource diplomacy’ based primarily on economic pragmatism, the Korean government has strived to utilize foreign aid as a tool for soft power. Korea’s perspective is to play a bigger role in addressing global issues as well as to aspire in becoming a middle power, in the sense that it is not regionally influential in spite of its growing powers. Given that middle power diplomacy tends to pursue a norm-based approach and also provides knowledge and/or ideas relevant to a unique niche that it finds important, it is characteristically soft power-oriented. Taking into account the non-material or ideational factors as well as material ones, constructivists in the field of international relations (ir) recognize the power of ideas, norms, institutions, and interests, which contain the core elements of what Nye calls soft power. In this context, this paper attempts to illuminate some of the important questions as to why and how Korea has endeavored to focus on developing its soft power strategy toward Africa in the new millennium.

Affiliations: 1: Division of African Studies, Hankuk University of Foreign


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Acharya Amitav Adler Emanuel , Barnett Michael "Collective Identity and Conflict Management in Southeast Asia" Security Communities 1998 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
2. Adler Emanuel "“Seizing the Middle Ground: Constructivism in World Politics”" European Journal of International Relations 1997 Vol 3 3 319 363 [Crossref]
3. Alden Chris , Large Daniel "“China’s Exceptionalism and the Challenges of Delivering Difference in Africa”" Journal of Contemporary China 2011 Vol 20 68 21 38 [Crossref]
4. Bae Yooil "“Learning from the Korean Model: Middle Power, Idea Diffusion, and Knowledge Sharing Program ( ksp)" Korean Association for Public Administration International Conference 2010
5. Cho Hae-Joang "“Reading the ‘Korean Wave’ as a Sign of Global Shift”" Korea Journal 2005 Vol 45 4 147 182
6. Chun Hong-min , Munyi Elijah N. , Lee Heejin "“Korea as an Emerging Donor: Challenges and Changes on its Entering oecd/ dac”" Journal of International Development 2010 Vol 22 789 791
7. Folley Rob "“Korea’s odato Africa: Strategic or Humanitarian?”" 2011 accessed 28 October 2012 the u.s.-Korea Institute at sais,
8. Giddens Anthony The Constitution of Society 1984 Berkeley University of California Press
9. Kahler Miles "“Soft Power and Network Power”" 2009 Paper presented at the Conference on Soft Power Diplomacy 2009 Jeju, South Korea
10. Kalinowski Thomas , Hyekyung Cho "“Korea’s Search for a Global Role between Hard Economic Interests and Soft Power”" European Journal of Development Research 2012 Vol 24 2 242 260 [Crossref]
11. Kang Gil Seong "“The Korea-Africa Partnership: Beyond Trade and Investment”" Africa Development Bank (AfDB) Africa Economic Brief 2011 Vol 2 9 1 8
12. Kang Seon-Jou "“Africa’s Opportunities and Challenges: A Study on Strengthening Korea’s Diplomacy Toward Africa”" East Asia’s Changing Security Environment and Diplomacy Task for Korea 2008 Seoul IFANS in the Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security (ed.)
13. Kim Jae-Doo , Shim Kyungwook , Cho Kwansik Energy Security 2007 Seoul Korea Institute of Defense Analysis (KIDA) Press)
14. Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation ( koafec) 2006 accessed 25 March 2012 “Final Statement of the Ministerial Conference on Korea-Africa Economic Cooperation” 24-30 April 2006 Seoul
15. Kim Jae-Doo 2007 accessed 25 March 2012
16. Kim Jae-Doo "“New Development Partnership with edcf”" 2008 accessed 25 March 2012 KOAFEC Workshop Material July 31, 2008 Accra, Ghana
17. Korea Eximbank "“Foreign Investment Statistics”" 2010 accessed 20 February 2012
18. news "“Korea Pledges Aid, Training at Second Africa Forum in Seoul”" 2009 December 2, 2009
19. Kowert Paul "“National Identity: Inside and Out”" Security Studies 1998/99 Vol 8 2/3 1 34 [Crossref]
20. Lagerkvist Johan , Jonsson Gabriel "“Foreign Aid, Trade and Development: The strategic presence of China, Japan and Korea in sub-Saharan Africa”" uiOccasional Papers 2011 Vol No. 5
21. Lee Geun "“A Theory of Soft Power and Korea’s Soft Power Strategy”" The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 2009a Vol 21 2 205 218 [Crossref]
22. Lee Sook-Jong "“South Korea’s Soft Power Diplomacy”" eaiIssue Briefing 2009b June 1. 2009
23. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade ( mofat) of Republic of Korea ( rok) Diplomacy White Paper 2007 Seoul MOFAT
24. Lee Sook-Jong 2012 accessed 25 October 2012 “The Third Korea-Africa Forum” 18 October 2012 Seoul
25. Nye Joseph The Means to Success in World Politics 2004 New York Public Affairs
26. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ( oecd) "“Development Cooperation of the Republic of Korea”" 2008 accessed 21 January 2012 dacSpecial Review, August 8, 2008,
27. Pan African News Agency "“African, Korean ministers adopt plan to boost economy in 2009-2010”" 2008 accessed 2 December 2012
28. Park Kang-ho "“Korea’s Role in Global Development”" Brookings Northeast Asia Commentary 2010 accessed 03 April 2012 Vol No. 36
29. Park Soo-deok "“Ways to Share Korea’s Development Experience with Africa”" Korea Focus 2011
30. Park Young-ho , et al Korea’s Agricultural odaPolicy toward Africa 2009 Seoul Korea Institute for International Economic Policy
31. Ploch Lauren , Cook Nicolas "“Madagascar’s Political Crisis”" crsReport for Congress 2012
32. Sohn Yul "‘Middle Powers’ Like South Korea Can’t Do Without Soft Power and Network Power" 2012 accessed 22 April 2013
33. Steelguru "“South Korea to finance new nickel mine in Madagascar”" 2007 accessed 12 March 2011 10 April 2007,
34. The Korea Times "“Korea offers to double aid to Africa”" 2010 accessed 28 October 2012 September 15, 2010,
35. un comtrade "“International Trade Statistics Yearbook, Volume I – Trade by country" 2010 accessed 17 February 2011
36. Wendt Alexander "“Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics”" International Organization 1992 Vol 46 2 391 425 [Crossref]
37. Wendt Alexander Social Theory of International Politics 1999 Cambridge Cambridge University Press [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    African and Asian Studies — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation