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Urban Defenses at Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai, Swat (Pakistan)

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New Data from the 2014 Excavation Campaign

This article reports on the latest data provided by the 2014 excavation campaign at the Early Historic urban site of Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai, Swat. The campaign, which followed an intensive 3-year excavation carried out inside the swquarter of the ancient town, focused on the swexternal area, and revealed a complex sequence of constructions, collapses and abandonment of the external defenses of the site. The new data are compared with others from previous excavation campaigns in the same site.

Affiliations: 1: University of Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum” lucamaria.olivieri@unibo.it

10.1163/15700577-12341280
/content/journals/10.1163/15700577-12341280
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1. Callieri P. Srinivasan D.M. "Barikot, An Indo-Greek Urban Center in Gandhāra" On the Cusp of an Era. Art in the Pre-Kuśāṇa World 2007 Leiden, Boston 133 164 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004154513.i-548.38
2. Callieri P. , Filigenzi A , Stacul G. "Bir-Kot-Ghwandai, Swat: 1987 Excavation Campaign" Pakistan Archaeology 1990 Vol 25 183 192
3. Callieri P. , Brocato P. , Filigenzi A. , Olivieri L.M. , Nascari M. "Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai 1990-1992" Annali dell’Istituto Orientale di Napoli 1992 Vol 52 4 Suppl. 73 A Preliminary Report on the Excavations of the Italian Archaeological Mission, IsMEO
4. Colliva L. Ghani-ur-Rahman , Olivieri L.M. "The Excavation of the Archaeological Site of Barikot (Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai) and its Chronological Sequence" Italian Archaeology and Anthropology in Northern Pakistan (1955-2011). Journal of Asian Civilizations 2011 Vol 34 1 157 191 Special Issue
5. MacDowall D.W. , Callieri P. "A Catalogue of Coins from the Excavations at Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai 1984-1992" Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai Interim Reports 2004 Vol II Rome 27 90 ( IsIAO Reports and Memoirs. New Series iii)
6. Olivieri L.M. The Survey of the Bir-kot Hill. Architectural Comparisons and Photographic Documentation. Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai Interim Reports 2003 Vol I Rome ( IsIAO Reports and Memoirs. Series Minor iv)
7. Olivieri L.M. "When and why the ancient town of Barikot was abandoned? A preliminary note based on the last archaeological data" Pakistan Heritage 2012 Vol 4 109 120
8. Olivieri L.M. The Last Phases of the Urban site of Bir-kot-ghwandai (Barikot) 2014 Lahore (with Afridi, A., Batool, A., Butt, A., Durrani, B.B., Colliva, L., Cupitò, M., Genchi, F., Ibrahim, M., Marati, I., Martore, F., Micheli, R., Misbah Ullah, Nawaz-ud-Din, Niaz Ali Shah, S., Qayyum, I., Quarta, G., Vidale, M. & Zahir, M.) ( act Reports and Memoirs2)
9. Stacul G. Prehistoric and Protohistoric Swat, Pakistan (c. 3000-1400 bc) 1987 Rome ( IsMEO Reports and Memoirs xx)
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/content/journals/10.1163/15700577-12341280
2015-07-20
2017-11-22

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