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Gold Staters of Aspurgus and Mithridates III and New Complexes with Coins and Jewellery Items from the Artezian Settlement

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This paper examines new numismatic material serving as the basic chronological reference point of the burnt layer at the Artezian settlement in the Eastern Crimea, the early Citadel of which and adjoining quarters met their end during the Roman-Bosporan War of AD 45-49. The 2013-2014 excavations yielded new finds of the remains of wooden caskets containing Bosporan coins dating from the end of the 1st century BC to the first half of the 1st century AD, and also gold, silver and bronze jewellery items and necklaces. Apart from caskets, a significant number of purses with Bosporan bronze, isolated cistophori of Ephesus and Pergamum, Roman denarii and hundreds of Bosporan coins bearing the names of the cities Caesarea (Panticapaeum) and Agrippia (Phanagoria), and also the names of the rulers Aspurgus, Gepaepyris and Mithridates III were found in the burnt level.There are ten gold staters of Aspurgus and Mithridates III among the most important recent discoveries. The find of a unique Mithridates’ stater marked with the year 343 of the Bosporan Era (=AD 46/47) and the analysis of the archaeological context of the burnt layer allow us to re-date the fortress’ fall to autumn AD 46, or to the end of the summer – autumn AD 47. The new date of the catastrophe proves that Artezian and other fortresses of Mithridates situated in the European Bosporus, with synchronous layers of the ravages of war were also revealed by archaeology, had offered their resistance to Cotys I and the Romans in the course of a year or two after those seized the capital and the principal cities of the Bosporus.

Affiliations: 1: Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University MagnitogorskRussia abramzon-m@mail.ru ; 2: Moscow Pedagogical State University MoscowRussia vinokurovn@list.ru

10.1163/15700577-12341308
/content/journals/10.1163/15700577-12341308
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2017-07-13
2017-12-15

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