Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Druze Faith: Origin, Development and Interpretation

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

This study examines the basic components of the Druze doctrine which had become crystallized at the beginning of the eleventh century by five dā‘īs (propagators). The study attempts to introduce some new insights for understanding the Druze faith as articulated by its founders and as interpreted by the guwwānī (internal) literature of the Druze ‘uqqāl. Although the Druze doctrine follows Ismaili terminologies and the Ismaili esoteric interpretation of the Qur’ān, it adds many new elements that placed the Druze doctrine outside the main stream of Ismā‘īliyya. The study argues that the Druze doctrine elaborates early Ismailism where bātin is set above zāhir and ta’wīl above tanzīl and the ritual acts are considered as divine punishment. The Qur’ānic verses were invariably quoted to differentiate between three stages of believers: ahl al-zāhir, i.e. the Sunnis, ahl al-bātin i.e. the Shiites and the Ismailis, and finally ahl al-tawhīd i.e. the Druze. With its allegorical interpretation of the Qur’ānic verses, the Druze faith considers the seven pillars of Islam (five for the Sunnis and two for the Shiites and Kharijites) as rituals meant only for those who accept the outward meanings of the Qur’ānic verses in the literal sense. The Druze faith substitutes these seven da‘ā’im taklīfiyya (the ritual pillars) with seven Unitarian principles. It would appear that the derogatory attitude of the Druze doctrine toward ritual obligations was strongly influenced by Sufi extremists who argued that God should be reached without intermediaries. Druze guwwānī literature holds Sufism in high regard and greatly reveres Sufi behavior.

Affiliations: 1: University of Haifa (Israel)


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Arabica — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation