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Logique aristotélicienne et kalām ʿalā-l-naṣārā : la réponse à Abū Qurra dans le Muġnī de ʿAbd al-Ğabbār

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Abstract Ending his refutation of Christian theology in al-Muġnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd wa-l-ʿadl (written between 361-380/971-990), ʿAbd al-Ğabbār assumes the reasons given by an unknown author against Abū Qurra, bishop of Ḥarrān (d. ca 210/825). According to Abū Qurra, God needs an eternal Son in order to have an equal to “dominate”, lest he should be deprived of honor and sovereignty. The unknown author laughs at this need of a subject God and Son, and argues throughout against this thought out of the Aristotelian category of “relative”. ʿAbd al-Ğabbār’s text, compared to Abū Qurra’s two treatises on this theme, shows up that it may be based on a lost Arabic treatise (known today through its Greek translation). The unknown author might be the theologian al-Murdār (m. 226/840), whose treatise Against Abū Qurra is recorded by al-Nadīm.


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Affiliations: 1: Université Aix-Marseille Centre P.A. Février CNRS UMR 6125


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