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From his Mother Nūr al-Anṣāriyya to his Šayḫ Fāṭima bt. Ibn al-Muṯannā: Important Female Figures around Muḥyī l-Dīn b. al-ʿArabī (d. 638/1240)

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Abstract Muḥyī l-Dīn b. al-ʿArabī (d. 638/1240), well known for his favorable views on woman, is of the idea that there is a very strict love-bond in the God, man and woman trinity: God created Adam/man in His own image, and created woman on Adam/man’s image. Thus, God is the waṭan (country of origin) of Adam, and in turn Adam is the waṭan of woman. His mother Nūr al-Anṣāriyya, his wife Maryam and his daughter Zaynab should be regarded as the immediate important women around him. As he believed that man and woman were equal in everything, he followed both female and male šayḫs. Ibn al-ʿArabī’s esteemed female šayḫs include Fāṭima bt. Ibn al-Muṯannā, about whom he used the term “Divine mother;” Šams Umm al-Fuqarāʾ, and Faḫr al-Nisāʾ bt. Rustam, a scholar and the šayḫ of Ḥiğāz.

Affiliations: 1: Konya University


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