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Illuminating the Lunar Mansions (manāzil al-qamar) in Šams al-maʿārif

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The lunar zodiac, generally known as the manāzil al-qamar in Arabic, served both as an astronomical and an astrological system. This was a system of 28 lunar “mansions” or “stations” in which the moon was said to station (nazala) each night of the sidereal month. For each of the asterisms of the mansions there were prognostications, astrological and mystical connections. One of the more widely traveled sources on this astrological content in the past three centuries has been based on the work of the 7th/13th century Aḥmad b. ʿAlī l-Būnī (d. ca 622/1225 or 630/1232-1233), especially the text known as Šams al-maʿārif. This article provides a translation and edition of the relevant section on the lunar mansions with a critical commentary. It is based primarily on a 11th/17th century manuscript preserved in Istanbul’s Süleymaniye library and attributed to al-Būnī.Le zodiaque lunaire, généralement connu sous le nom manāzil al-qamar en arabe, servit à la fois comme un système astronomique et astrologique. Il s’agissait d’un système de 28 « mansions » ou « stations » lunaires dans lesquelles on disait que la lune « descendait » (nazala) chaque nuit du mois sidéral. Pour chacun des astérismes des mansions, il y a des prédictions et des connexions astrologiques et mystiques. L’une des sources les plus largement parcourues sur ce thème astrologique au cours des trois derniers siècles est fondée sur l’ouvrage d’Aḥmad b. ʿAlī l-Būnī (m. ca 622/1225 ou 630/1232-1233), en particulier le texte connu sous le titre de Šams al-maʿārif. Cet article fournit une traduction et une édition de la section sur les mansions lunaires avec un commentaire critique. Il s’appuie principalement sur un manuscrit du XI e/XVII e siècle conservé à la bibliothèque Süleymaniye d’Istanbul et attribué à al-Būnī.This article is in English.

Affiliations: 1: Qatar University


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