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Procédés de décrédibilisation dans al-Fīl al-azraq, roman noir d’Aḥmad Murād

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Contemporary Egyptian author Aḥmad Murād writes works of fiction as well as crime novels. The detective genre emerged very late on the Arab literary scene in comparison to its birth in the 19th century in the West. Al-Fīl al-azraq (The blue elephant), that we are about to analyse, is based on a psychological story. It fits into the matrix of the black novel as it appeared in the United States in the interwar period and incorporates many of its strategies. In this article, we will try to uncover the processes of “decredibilization” established in the novel, in order to create “undecidability” as to the outcome of the investigation and to set up, from a hermeneutic point of view, some confusion of meaning. We will try subsequently to underline the distinctive features of the generic model of the novel, prominent among which, the open structure, the fantastic themes, the use of the vernacular and a certain social realism outlook.Auteur égyptien contemporain, Aḥmad Murād écrit aussi bien des romans policiers que des œuvres de fiction littéraire. Le genre policier, qui apparaît en Occident au XIXe siècle, n’émerge que tardivement dans le paysage littéraire arabe. Al-Fīl al-azraq (L’éléphant bleu), que nous nous proposons d’analyser, repose sur un récit psychologique. Il s’inscrit dans la matrice du roman noir tel qu’il est apparu aux États-Unis entre les deux guerres et reprend nombre de ses stratégies. Dans cet article, nous dégagerons les procédés de décrédibilisation mis en place dans le roman afin de créer de l’indécidabilité quant à l’issue de l’enquête et d’instaurer, du point de vue herméneutique, la confusion de sens. Nous tenterons, par la suite, de relever les traits distinctifs permettant de délimiter le modèle générique de ce roman en premier lieu desquels la structure ouverte, le fantastique, l’usage du vernaculaire, et le renvoi à un certain réalisme social.This article is in French.

Affiliations: 1: Université Paris 8


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